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Author Xiong, Ming ♦ Yang, Liping ♦ Liu, Ying D. ♦ Keiji, Hayashi ♦ Li, Huichao ♦ Davies, Jackie A. ♦ Harrison, Richard A. ♦ Li, Bo ♦ Xia, Lidong
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY ♦ DISTRIBUTION ♦ HELIOSPHERE ♦ INTERACTIONS ♦ INTERPLANETARY SPACE ♦ MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMICS ♦ MASS ♦ MIXING ♦ SIMULATION ♦ SOLAR WIND ♦ SPACE VEHICLES ♦ SUN ♦ THOMSON SCATTERING ♦ VISIBLE RADIATION
Abstract Interplanetary corotating interaction regions (CIRs) can be remotely imaged in white light (WL), as demonstrated by the Solar Mass Ejection Imager (SMEI) on board the Coriolis spacecraft and Heliospheric Imagers (HIs) on board the twin Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory ( STEREO ) spacecraft. The interplanetary WL intensity, due to Thomson scattering of incident sunlight by free electrons, is jointly determined by the 3D distribution of electron number density and line-of-sight (LOS) weighting factors of the Thomson-scattering geometry. The 2D radiance patterns of CIRs in WL sky maps look very different from different 3D viewpoints. Because of the in-ecliptic locations of both the STEREO and Coriolis spacecraft, the longitudinal dimension of interplanetary CIRs has, up to now, always been integrated in WL imagery. To synthesize the WL radiance patterns of CIRs from an out-of-ecliptic (OOE) vantage point, we perform forward magnetohydrodynamic modeling of the 3D inner heliosphere during Carrington Rotation CR1967 at solar maximum. The mixing effects associated with viewing 3D CIRs are significantly minimized from an OOE viewpoint. Our forward modeling results demonstrate that OOE WL imaging from a latitude greater than 60° can (1) enable the garden-hose spiral morphology of CIRs to be readily resolved, (2) enable multiple coexisting CIRs to be differentiated, and (3) enable the continuous tracing of any interplanetary CIR back toward its coronal source. In particular, an OOE view in WL can reveal where nascent CIRs are formed in the extended corona and how these CIRs develop in interplanetary space. Therefore, a panoramic view from a suite of wide-field WL imagers in a solar polar orbit would be invaluable in unambiguously resolving the large-scale longitudinal structure of CIRs in the 3D inner heliosphere.
ISSN 0004637X
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2017-07-20
Publisher Place United States
Journal Astrophysical Journal
Volume Number 844
Issue Number 1


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