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Author Dwork, Cynthia ♦ Lynch, Nancy ♦ Stockmeyer, Larry
Source ACM Digital Library
Content type Text
Publisher Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©1988
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Computer science, information & general works ♦ Data processing & computer science
Abstract The concept of partial synchrony in a distributed system is introduced. Partial synchrony lies between the cases of a synchronous system and an asynchronous system. In a synchronous system, there is a known fixed upper bound Δ on the time required for a message to be sent from one processor to another and a known fixed upper bound &PHgr; on the relative speeds of different processors. In an asynchronous system no fixed upper bounds Δ and &PHgr; exist. In one version of partial synchrony, fixed bounds Δ and &PHgr; exist, but they are not known a priori. The problem is to design protocols that work correctly in the partially synchronous system regardless of the actual values of the bounds Δ and &PHgr;. In another version of partial synchrony, the bounds are known, but are only guaranteed to hold starting at some unknown time $\textit{T},$ and protocols must be designed to work correctly regardless of when time $\textit{T}$ occurs. Fault-tolerant consensus protocols are given for various cases of partial synchrony and various fault models. Lower bounds that show in most cases that our protocols are optimal with respect to the number of faults tolerated are also given. Our consensus protocols for partially synchronous processors use new protocols for fault-tolerant “distributed clocks” that allow partially synchronous processors to reach some approximately common notion of time.
ISSN 00045411
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 1988-04-01
Publisher Place New York
e-ISSN 1557735X
Journal Journal of the ACM (JACM)
Volume Number 35
Issue Number 2
Page Count 36
Starting Page 288
Ending Page 323

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Source: ACM Digital Library