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Author Hsu, J. P. ♦ Yang, K. L.
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword CHEMISTRY ♦ MATERIALS SCIENCE ♦ MATHEMATICS, COMPUTERS, INFORMATION SCIENCE, MANAGEMENT, LAW, MISCELLANEOUS ♦ IONS ♦ CHARGED-PARTICLE TRANSPORT ♦ MEMBRANE TRANSPORT ♦ ELECTRIC CURRENTS ♦ EFFICIENCY ♦ FIBERS ♦ MEMBRANES ♦ NUMERICAL SOLUTION ♦ SIMULATION ♦ CURRENT DENSITY ♦ CHARGE DISTRIBUTION ♦ MATHEMATICAL MODELS
Abstract The rate of transport of ions through an ion-penetrable cylindrical membrane bearing negative fixed charges is investigated theoretically. For the same available space, the present novel device is capable of providing more surface area for ion transport than the conventional planar membranes through an array of hollow fibers type of apparatus. We consider a general linear distribution for the fixed charges in the membrane phase. A perturbation method is adopted for the resolution of the governing Nernst-Planck equation. The result of numerical simulation reveals that if the fixed charges are uniformly distributed, the current efficiency {eta} is independent of both the inner radius (or the curvature) of the membrane and the current density. We show that if the parameters of a membrane are chosen adequately, the value of {eta} can be increased by increasing the degree of nonuniformity of the fixed charge distribution under a constant amount of fixed charges. 18 refs., 7 figs., 1 tab.
ISSN 00223654
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 1996-07-25
Publisher Place United States
Journal Journal of Physical Chemistry
Volume Number 100
Issue Number 30


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