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Author Kaasik, Mairi
Source Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
Content type Text
Publisher University of Tartu, Estonian National Museum, Estonian Literary Museum
File Format HTM / HTML
Date Created 2015-01-21
Copyright Year ©2013
Language English
Subject Domain (in LCC) GN301-674 ♦ GR1-950
Subject Keyword Anthropology ♦ The tale type cluster ♦ Folklore ♦ Genre borders ♦ Geography ♦ Recreation ♦ Estonian fairy tales ♦ Social and cultural anthropology ♦ A mortal in the netherworld ♦ Ethnology ♦ Relativity of time
Abstract This article analyses Estonian fairy tales with regard to perceiving supernatural lapses of time, focusing on the tale type cluster A Mortal Visits the Other World, which includes tale types ATU 470, 470A, 471, and 471A. In these tales the mortal finding himself in the world of the dead, heaven or fairyland experiences the accelerated passage of time. Returning to the mundane temporal reality and learning the truth the hero generally dies. The difference in time perception has been caused by the hero’s movement in space and between spaces. Three vertical spheres can be detected: 1) the upper world (heaven, paradise); 2) the human world; 3) the netherworld (the world of the dead, hell). Usually, the events of a particular tale take place only in the human world, and either in the upper or the netherworld. The relativity of the passing of time on earth and in the other world makes the tales ‘behave’ in a peculiar manner as regards genre, bringing to prominence features of representation of time typical of legends or religious tales. Although the tales contain several features that make them close to legends (a concrete place and personal names, the topic of death, dystopic endings, characters belonging to the reality of legends, etc.), based on Estonian material they can be regarded as part of fairy tales.
ISSN 17366518
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG ♦ Career/Technical Study
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2013-12-01
e-ISSN 17366518
Journal Journal of Ethnology and Folkloristics
Volume Number 7
Issue Number 2
Page Count 15
Starting Page 33
Ending Page 47


Source: Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)