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Author Marun, C. ♦ Suib, S. L. ♦ Dery, M. ♦ Harrison, J. B. ♦ Kablaoui, M.
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword CHEMISTRY ♦ PHYSICS ♦ METHANE ♦ DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES ♦ CONVERSION ♦ MICROWAVE RADIATION ♦ CAVITIES ♦ PLASMA PRODUCTION ♦ MOLECULAR WEIGHT ♦ SILICON ♦ SILICON CARBIDES ♦ TITANIUM OXIDES ♦ LITHIUM CARBONATES ♦ CHEMICAL VAPOR DEPOSITION ♦ EXPANSION ♦ COMPRESSION ♦ NUMERICAL DATA
Abstract The use of microwave-induced plasmas as a method to oligomerize methane to higher hydrocarbons has been studied. The pressure range used was 10-20 Torr and the applied power was 60 W. The microwave power is coupled to the plasma by means of either an Evenson or a Beenakker cavity, the Beenakker being the most effective. We explored the effect of the presence of a dielectric material on the product distribution for this reaction. The values of the dielectric constants for these materials varied from 2.6 for Pb(Ac){sub 2} to 10,000 for MnO{sub 2} relative to the vacuum. No direct correlation was found, but in some cases the selectivities toward C{sub 6s}to C{sub 8s} were enhanced. TiO{sub 2}and Li{sub 2}CO{sub 3} increased the selectivities toward C{sub 6s}. SnO{sub 2} was the best for selectivities to C{sub 7s}and C{sub 8s}. When a coating of Si/SiC on the reactor walls was present in the plasma zone, the selectivities toward C{sub 6s} and C{sub 7s} increased with respect to both materials (Si and SiC) by themselves. We also studied the effect of cavities in series and cavities in parallel on the oligomerization of methane with and without dielectric material in between the cavities. When methane and iodine are activated separately and then recombined, it seems that the oligomerization of methane is enhanced toward higher hydrocarbons. We found that when a dielectric material is placed in between and when the distance between the two cavities in series is the largest, the oligomerization of methane toward high molecular weight hydrocarbons is maximized. 45 refs., 9 figs., 1 tab.
ISSN 00223654
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 1996-11-07
Publisher Place United States
Journal Journal of Physical Chemistry
Volume Number 100
Issue Number 45


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