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Author Layer, Christophe ♦ Becker, Laurent ♦ Jabeur, Kotb ♦ Claireux, Sylvain ♦ Dieny, Bernard ♦ Prenat, Guillaume ♦ Pendina, Gregory Di ♦ Gros, Stephane ♦ Paoli, Pierre ♦ Javerliac, Virgile ♦ Bernard-Granger, Fabrice ♦ Decloedt, Loic
Source ACM Digital Library
Content type Text
Publisher Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2016
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Computer science, information & general works ♦ Data processing & computer science
Subject Keyword Hybrid CMOS/magnetic ♦ STT-MRAM ♦ Check-pointing interrupt
Abstract The most widely used embedded memory technology, static random access memory (SRAM), is heading toward scaling problems in advanced technology nodes due to the leakage currents caused by the quantum tunneling effect. As an alternative, spin-transfer torque magnetic RAM (STT-MRAM) technology shows comparable performance in terms of speed and power consumption and much better performance in terms of density and leakage. Moreover, MRAM brings up new paradigms in system design thanks to its inherent nonvolatility, which allows the definition of new instant-on/off policies and leakage current optimization. Based on our compact model, we have developed a fully characterized system-on-chip from the basic cell up to the system architecture in a 40nm LP hybrid CMOS/magnetic process. Through simulations, first we demonstrate that STT-MRAM is a candidate for the memory part of embedded systems, and second we implement a check-pointing methodology based on the regular interrupt routines of a processor to enable a fast power on and off functionality. Using a synthetic benchmark developed in high-level programming languages intended to be representative of integer system performance, our method shows that having MRAM instead of SRAM in an embedded design brings up important energy savings. The influence of the check-pointing routine on power consumption is finally evaluated with regard to various shutdown and restart behaviors.
ISSN 15504832
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2016-05-12
Publisher Place New York
e-ISSN 15504840
Journal ACM Journal on Emerging Technologies in Computing Systems (JETC)
Volume Number 12
Issue Number 4
Page Count 24
Starting Page 1
Ending Page 24

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Source: ACM Digital Library