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Author Wang, Ji ♦ Mawet, Dimitri ♦ Prato, Lisa
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY ♦ ATMOSPHERES ♦ CLOUDS ♦ CONDENSATES ♦ DISTRIBUTION ♦ DWARF STARS ♦ EXCEPTIONS ♦ LIMITING VALUES ♦ OPTICS ♦ ROTATION ♦ SIMULATION ♦ STARS ♦ SURFACES ♦ TIME RESOLUTION
Abstract Many brown dwarfs (BDs) exhibit photometric variability at levels from tenths to tens of percents. The photometric variability is related to magnetic activity or patchy cloud coverage, characteristic of BDs near the L–T transition. Time-resolved spectral monitoring of BDs provides diagnostics of cloud distribution and condensate properties. However, current time-resolved spectral studies of BDs are limited to low spectral resolution ( R ∼ 100) with the exception of the study of Luhman 16 AB at a resolution of 100,000 using the VLT+CRIRES. This work yielded the first map of BD surface inhomogeneity, highlighting the importance and unique contribution of high spectral resolution observations. Here, we report on the time-resolved high spectral resolution observations of a nearby BD binary, 2MASSW J0746425+200032AB. We find no coherent spectral variability that is modulated with rotation. Based on simulations, we conclude that the coverage of a single spot on 2MASSW J0746425+200032AB is smaller than 1% or 6.25% if spot contrast is 50% or 80% of its surrounding flux, respectively. Future high spectral resolution observations aided by adaptive optics systems can put tighter constraints on the spectral variability of 2MASSW J0746425+200032AB and other nearby BDs.
ISSN 0004637X
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2017-03-20
Publisher Place United States
Journal Astrophysical Journal
Volume Number 838
Issue Number 1