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Author Martorell, Jordi
Sponsorship IEEE Photonics Soc.
Source IEEE Xplore Digital Library
Content type Text
Publisher Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. (IEEE)
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2012
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Engineering & allied operations ♦ Applied physics
Abstract Summary form only given. To enhance photo-conversion efficiency (PCE) for organic photovoltaic (OPV) cells it is important to optimize the photon harvesting provided the such devices suffer from a short exciton diffusion length and, in particular, a low mobility of charged carriers which prevent the use of thick materials for a more effective photon absorption. From an optical perspective, such organic solar cells can be seen as a stack of several layers with different refractive index. At each interface between any of these layers there is a significant reflection that prevents the most effective photon harvesting. If such reflection can be minimized, the external quantum efficiency (EQE), defined as the ratio between current and incoming photons, approaches the internal one, which is the ratio between current and absorbed photons. Here, we will show experimentally that for an inverted organic cell it is possible to find a combination of layer thicknesses such that when the active layer thickness is 91 nm, optical interference leads to an EQE that, as shown in Fig. 1, amounts to 91% of the internal quantum efficiency (IQE). We observe that the total reflectivity is close to its minimum possible value in a wavelength range of more than 100 nm. In that range the EQE closely matches the IQE. In a model developed to determine the role played by optical interference in the light harvesting efficiency we confirmed that the EQE can closely match the IQE for that wavelength range. Additionally, we observed that a similar cell with an active material 151 nm thick, close to 2 times thicker than the previous case, exhibited a lower PCE. The poor photon harvesting in the later cell configuration is confirmed by an EQE that amounts only to 72% of the IQE.
Description Author affiliation: ICFO-Institut de Ciencies Fotoniques, 08860 Castelldefels (Barcelona), Spain (Martorell, Jordi)
ISBN 9781467322287
ISSN 21612064
Educational Role Student ♦ Teacher
Age Range above 22 year
Educational Use Research ♦ Reading
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Synopsis
Publisher Date 2012-07-02
Publisher Place UK
Rights Holder Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. (IEEE)
e-ISBN 9781467322294
Size (in Bytes) 178.33 kB
Page Count 1
Starting Page 1
Ending Page 1

Source: IEEE Xplore Digital Library