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Author Moradi, M. ♦ Setarehdan, S.K. ♦ Ghaffari, S.R.
Sponsorship IEEE Comput. Soc. Tech. Committee on Computational Med. ♦ Mount Sinai School of Med. Dept. Anesthesiology ♦ Texas Tech. Univ. College of Eng
Source IEEE Xplore Digital Library
Content type Text
Publisher Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. (IEEE)
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2003
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Computer science, information & general works ♦ Data processing & computer science
Subject Keyword Humans ♦ Biological cells ♦ Microscopy ♦ Image analysis ♦ Genetics ♦ Character generation ♦ Shape ♦ Optical arrays ♦ Cells (biology) ♦ Photography
Abstract Many genetic disorders or possible abnormalities that may occur in the future generations can be predicted through analyzing the shape and morphological characteristics of the chromosomes. Karyotype (a systemized array of the human chromosomes obtained from a single cell either by drawing or by photography using a light microscope is often used for this purpose. To make a Karyotype it is necessary to identify each one of the 24 chromosomes (22 autosomal and a pair of sex chromosomes) from the microscopic images. The first step to automate this process is then to define the morphological and band pattern based features for each chromosome. An important class of morphological features includes those defined with respect to the location of the chromosome's centromere (part of the chromosome that divides it to the long and short arms). Therefore, localization of centromere is an initial step in designing an automatic karyotyping system. In this paper, an effective algorithm for chromosome image processing and automatic centromere locating is presented The procedure is based on the calculation and analyzing the vertical and horizontal projection vectors of the binary image of the chromosome. The binary image is obtained using the thresholding of the input image after histogram modification and analyzing. When applied to the real chromosome images supplied by the Cytogenetic Laboratory of the Cancer Institute of the Imam hospital in Tehran, an average accuracy of 96% for Centromere locating is achieved.
Description Author affiliation: Electr. & Comput. Eng. Dept., Tehran Univ., Iran (Moradi, M.)
ISBN 0769519016
ISSN 10637125
Educational Role Student ♦ Teacher
Age Range above 22 year
Educational Use Research ♦ Reading
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2003-06-26
Publisher Place USA
Rights Holder Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. (IEEE)
Size (in Bytes) 323.83 kB
Page Count 6
Starting Page 56
Ending Page 61

Source: IEEE Xplore Digital Library