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Author Butz, D.E. ♦ Weidmann, D. ♦ Brownsword, R. ♦ Cook, M.E. ♦ Schoeller, D.A. ♦ Whigham, L.D.
Source IEEE Xplore Digital Library
Content type Text
Publisher Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. (IEEE)
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2015
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Medicine & health ♦ Engineering & allied operations
Subject Keyword Isotopes ♦ Carbon ♦ Biological control systems ♦ Obesity ♦ Temperature measurement ♦ Quantum cascade lasers ♦ Monitoring
Abstract Expired breath $δ^{13}CO_{2}$ measured in real time serves as a useful biomarker of altered macronutrient metabolism in response to changes in energy balance. Altered breath $δ^{13}CO_{2}$ is believed to be a result of changes in macronutrient oxidation and the kinetic isotope effect where enzymatic processes discriminate against metabolites naturally enriched with $^{13}C.$ Use of breath $δ^{13}CO_{2}$ as a rapid biofeedback of energy balance status will enhance an individual's ability to modify behavior during weight loss efforts. Herein we describe a novel approach for immediate biofeedback for energy deficit using a moderate exercise challenge. Our new mid-infrared isotope ratio-meter for $δ^{13}CO_{2}$ is a step toward miniaturization of a personal device for instant biofeedback for people attempting to lose weight.
Description Author affiliation: Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, USA (Butz, D.E.) || Paso del Norte Inst. for Healthy Living in El Paso, El Paso, TX, USA (Whigham, L.D.) || Sci. & Technol. Facilities Council, Rutherford Appleton Lab., Didcot, UK (Weidmann, D.; Brownsword, R.) || Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA (Cook, M.E.; Schoeller, D.A.)
ISSN 1557170X
Educational Role Student ♦ Teacher
Age Range above 22 year
Educational Use Research ♦ Reading
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2015-08-25
Publisher Place Italy
Rights Holder Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. (IEEE)
e-ISBN 9781424492718
Size (in Bytes) 3.86 MB
Page Count 4
Starting Page 8205
Ending Page 8208

Source: IEEE Xplore Digital Library