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Author Reyes, S. ♦ Cadwallader, L.C. ♦ Gomez del Rio, J. ♦ Latkowski, J.F. ♦ Sanz, J.
Source IEEE Xplore Digital Library
Content type Text
Publisher Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. (IEEE)
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2003
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Engineering & allied operations
Subject Keyword Safety ♦ Power generation ♦ Toxicology ♦ Chemical hazards ♦ Costs ♦ Fabrication ♦ Lead ♦ Performance analysis ♦ Toxic chemicals ♦ US Department of Energy
Abstract Selection of materials for inertial fusion energy (IFE) power plant designs must consider a wide variety of factors such as performance, cost, ease of fabrication and safety and environmental (S&E) issues. In the past, we have performed an S&E assessment of mercury and lead as potential hohlraum materials, including for the first time a comparative analysis of the radiological and toxicological consequences of an accidental release. It was found that the chemical safety requirements dominate over radiological considerations. In the present work, we address the various safety issues regarding the use of beryllium in an IFE power plant. Beryllium is one of the constituents of the molten salt flibe (Li/sub 2/BeF/sub 4/), used in some IFE liquid-wall chamber concepts and also proposed as a candidate material in some target designs. Here, we want to assess the safety hazards of beryllium use in IFE, from both the radiological and the chemical toxicity points of view. For that purpose, we use the latest DOE regulations to compare potential accident scenarios with the Be concentration limits for public protection, to estimate the level of compliance of the safety standards. We also evaluate the effects from acute radiological and toxicological Be exposures. The results from this work demonstrate that whereas traditional IFE safety analyses have focused on radiological issues, chemical hazards must also be considered to provide a complete safety assessment for fusion power plants.
Description Author affiliation: Lawrence Livermore Nat. Lab., CA, USA (Reyes, S.)
ISBN 078037908X
Educational Role Student ♦ Teacher
Age Range above 22 year
Educational Use Research ♦ Reading
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2003-10-14
Publisher Place USA
Rights Holder Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. (IEEE)
Size (in Bytes) 0.98 MB
Page Count 4
Starting Page 260
Ending Page 263


Source: IEEE Xplore Digital Library