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Author Smith, P.J. ♦ McCoy, E. ♦ Orasanu, J. ♦ Billings, C. ♦ Denning, R. ♦ Rodvold, M. ♦ Van Horn, A. ♦ Gee, T.
Source IEEE Xplore Digital Library
Content type Text
Publisher Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. (IEEE)
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©1995
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Engineering & allied operations
Subject Keyword Problem-solving ♦ Aircraft propulsion ♦ Air traffic control ♦ Weather forecasting ♦ Delay ♦ Aerospace engineering ♦ Systems engineering and theory ♦ Laboratories ♦ NASA ♦ Fuels
Abstract Prior to departure, each commercial aircraft must have a flight plan from its origin to its destination, This flight plan describes the route, the altitudes, and the speeds which the plane is expected to fly for the trip, and it affects fuel consumption, safety, speed, arrival time, and passenger comfort. While this flight plan describes parameters intended for the flight, the initial flight plan is rarely followed exactly. In practice, it is common to see minor amendments to the plan, and major changes are not unusual. There are a variety of reasons why an initial flight plan might be changed enroute. The dynamic, unpredictable circumstances under which flights occur must be accommodated through changes made prior to take off or while enroute. As examples, the weather pattern may not develop as forecast, take-off may be delayed due to air traffic congestion, or the scheduled arrival time may be changed due to a runway closure. An important role in these planning activities is played by airline dispatchers working in conjunction with the ATC system and the flight crew. Within the ATC system itself there are several groups involved including the Air Traffic Control Systems Command Center (ATCSCC), which is responsible for the strategic planning and replanning for all flights nationwide each day, and the Traffic Management Units (TMUs) at Enroute Centers, which are responsible for coordinating traffic within their geographic regions. This context provides a rich, real-world setting in which to study cooperative problem-solving and the effects of technological support on such cooperation.
Description Author affiliation: Cognitive Syst. Eng. Lab., Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH, USA (Smith, P.J.)
ISBN 0780325591
Educational Role Student ♦ Teacher
Age Range above 22 year
Educational Use Research ♦ Reading
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 1995-10-22
Publisher Place Canada
Rights Holder Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. (IEEE)
Size (in Bytes) 557.32 kB
Page Count 6
Starting Page 4563
Ending Page 4568

Source: IEEE Xplore Digital Library