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Author Vanrolleghem, P.A.
Source IEEE Xplore Digital Library
Content type Text
Publisher Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. (IEEE)
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©1994
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Engineering & allied operations ♦ Other branches of engineering
Subject Keyword Detectors ♦ Adaptive control ♦ Water resources ♦ Parameter estimation
Abstract Important features of biological wastewater treatment processes such as their nonlinear and time-varying nature impose considerable strains on control systems required for their optimal performance: time-varying parameters in the process models integrated in the control systems should be updated and the nonlinearity requires that either adaptive linear controllers are applied (with additional adjustment needed to cope with changing operating points) or that nonlinear controllers are devised. Sensors play a key role in such control loops: Monitoring equipment is not only needed to indicate deviations from desired behaviour to the regulator, but they must also provide the necessary data for adjustment of the control laws to the changing process conditions. The main goal of the work presented in this paper was to develop sensor technology capable of providing this information. Special attention was paid to make sure that this information would be easy to incorporate in the models on which the control system is based. A methodology was sought that would facilitate the on-line modelling of the interaction between wastewater and activated sludge. Because it is relatively hard to obtain sufficiently rich information from a plant that operates in dosed-loop, a new approach is introduced consisting of what has been termed 'In-Sensor-Experiments'. The main characteristic of this approach is that the information on process behaviour is no longer obtained directly from the plant, but from a sidestream sensor in which small-scale experiments are performed which are relevant to the behaviour of the full-scale process. In such a sensing device, the excitation signals can be chosen without restriction and, consequently, process behaviour can be characterized under much wider conditions than possible in the treatment plant itself. Hence, if model-based interpretation of the sensor data is applied, rather sophisticated nonlinear models can be identified allowing more elaborate control strategies to be devised. Because the changes in wastewater composition are rather important, not only the parameters but also the structure of the models describing the wastewater/sludge interaction are subject to change. Therefore the model identification encompasses both model structure characterization and parameter estimation. The hardware of the sensor allows the In-Sensor-Experiments to be adjusted in such a way that the highest possible information content is obtained under the time-varying conditions the sensor is confronted with. The on-line optimal experimental design (OED) methods presented are the heart of the 'Adaptive Sensor Concept'. It is shown that optimal experiments can be proposed for structure characterization (OED/SC) and parameter estimation (OED/PE). A very important part of the development work was due to the need to fulfil the real-time requirement imposed by the on-line operation of the adaptive sensor. Real-life experimental results illustrate the potential of the adaptive sensor concept for the control of activated sludge wastewater treatment plants.<<ETX>>
Description Author affiliation: Lab. of Microbial Ecology, Gent Univ., Belgium (Vanrolleghem, P.A.)
ISBN 0780318722
Educational Role Student ♦ Teacher
Age Range above 22 year
Educational Use Research ♦ Reading
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 1994-08-24
Publisher Place United Kingdom
Rights Holder Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. (IEEE)
Size (in Bytes) 560.20 kB
Page Count 6
Starting Page 1017
Ending Page 1022


Source: IEEE Xplore Digital Library