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Author Qianhong Chen ♦ Siu Chung Wong ♦ Tse, C.K. ♦ Xinbo Ruan
Source IEEE Xplore Digital Library
Content type Text
Publisher Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. (IEEE)
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2008
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Physics ♦ Electricity & electronics ♦ Technology ♦ Engineering & allied operations ♦ Applied physics
Subject Keyword Resonant frequency ♦ Converters ♦ Voltage control ♦ Frequency modulation ♦ RLC circuits ♦ Capacitance ♦ Transfer functions
Abstract Based on commonly used parameters for a generic-transcutaneous transformer model, a remote power supply using resonant topology for artificial heart is analyzed and designed for easy controllability and high efficiency. Primary and secondary windings of the transcutaneous transformer are positioned outside and inside human body respectively for energy transfer. The two large leakage inductances and the mutual inductance of the transformer are varying parameters of the coupling-coefficient which varies with transformer alignment and gap due to external positioning. Varying resonant-frequency resonant-tank circuits are formed using the transformer inductors and external capacitors to obtain a load insensitive frequency for the voltage transfer function at given range of coupling coefficients and loads. Previous researches usually use frequency modulation which may require a wide control frequency range well above the load insensitive frequency. In this paper, fundamental frequency study of the input-to-output voltage transfer function is carried out. Using the proposed control method, the switching frequency can be locked at just above the load insensitive frequency at heavy load for best efficiency. Specifically, above resonant operation in driving the resonant circuits when varying the coupling-coefficient is maintained using a digital-phase-lock-loop (PLL) technique to achieve zero-voltage switching of a full-bridge switches configuration which is also programmed to provide pulse-width-modulation (PWM) in controlling the output voltage. A prototype transcutaneous power regulator is built and found to have good efficiency and regulation in responding to changing alignment or gap of the transcutaneous transformer, load and input voltage dynamically.
Description Author affiliation: Coll. of Autom. Eng., Nanjing Univ. of Aeronaut.&Astronaut., Nanjing (Qianhong Chen)
ISBN 9781424416677
ISSN 02759306
Educational Role Student ♦ Teacher
Age Range above 22 year
Educational Use Research ♦ Reading
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2008-06-15
Publisher Place Greece
Rights Holder Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. (IEEE)
Size (in Bytes) 388.35 kB
Page Count 6
Starting Page 1833
Ending Page 1838

Source: IEEE Xplore Digital Library