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Author Mathews, G. J. ♦ Kajino, T. ♦ Orito, M.
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword PHYSICS ♦ NUCLEOSYNTHESIS ♦ COSMOLOGICAL MODELS ♦ DEUTERIUM ♦ HELIUM 3 ♦ UNIVERSE ♦ LITHIUM 7 ♦ NONLUMINOUS MATTER ♦ LITHIUM ♦ ELEMENT ABUNDANCE ♦ DENSITY ♦ LIMITING VALUES ♦ BIG BANG ♦ EARLY UNIVERSE ♦ INHOMOGENEITY
Abstract We discuss the upper limit to the baryonic contribution to the closure density. We consider effects of new observational and theoretical uncertainties in the primordial light-element abundances and the effects of fluctuation geometry on the inhomogeneous nucleosynthesis yields. We also consider implications of the possible detection of a high {ital D}/{ital H} abundance in a Lyman-{alpha} absorption cloud at high redshift and the implied chemical evolution effects of a high deuterium abundance. We show that there exists a region of the parameter space for inhomogeneous models in which a somewhat higher baryonic contribution to the closure density is possible than that allowed in standard homogeneous models. This result is contrary to some other recent studies and is due to both geometry and recently revised uncertainties in primordial light-element abundances, particularly {sup 7}Li. We find that the presently adopted abundance constraints are consistent with a contribution of baryons to the closure density as high as {Omega}{sub {ital bh{sup 2}}}{sub 50}{le}0.11 ({eta}{le}7{times}10{sup {minus}10}). This corresponds to a 20{percent} increase over the limit from standard homogeneous models ({Omega}{sub {ital bh{sup 2}}}{sub 50}{le}0.08, {eta}{le}5.8{times}10{sup {minus}10}). With a high deuterium abundance the upper limits for the inhomogeneous and homogeneous models would be {Omega}{sub {ital bh{sup 2}}}{sub 50}{le}0.04 and 0.03 ({eta}{le}2.6{times}10{sup {minus}10} and 1.9{times}10{sup {minus}10}), respectively. Even higher limits could be obtained by further relaxing the presently accepted primordial lithium abundance constraint as some have proposed. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Astronomical Society.}
ISSN 0004637X
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 1996-01-01
Publisher Place United States
Journal Astrophysical Journal
Volume Number 456
Issue Number 1


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