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Author Caulfield, R.E. ♦ Xiangtao Yin ♦ Juste, J. ♦ Hynynen, K.
Source IEEE Xplore Digital Library
Content type Text
Publisher Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. (IEEE)
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©1986
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Physics ♦ Electricity & electronics ♦ Technology ♦ Engineering & allied operations ♦ Applied physics
Subject Keyword Phased arrays ♦ Protocols ♦ Ultrasonic imaging ♦ Medical treatment ♦ Beam steering ♦ Circuit testing ♦ Two dimensional displays ♦ Costs ♦ Assembly ♦ Joining processes
Abstract Currently, most phased-array systems intended for therapy are one-dimensional (1-D) and use between 5 and 200 elements, with a few two-dimensional (2-D) systems using several hundred elements. The move toward lambda/2 interelement spacing, which provides complete 3-D beam steering, would require a large number of closely spaced elements (0.15 mm to 3 mm). A solution to the resulting problem of cost and cable assembly size, which this study examines, is to quantize the phases available at the array input. By connecting elements with similar phases to a single wire, a significant reduction in the number of incoming lines can be achieved while maintaining focusing and beam steering capability. This study has explored the feasibility of such an approach using computer simulations and experiments with a test circuit driving a 100-element linear array. Simulation results demonstrated that adequate focusing can be obtained with only four phase signals without large increases in the grating lobes or the dimensions of the focus. Experiments showed that the method can be implemented in practice, and adequate focusing can be achieved with four phase signals with a reduction of 20% in the peak pressure amplitude squared when compared with the infinite-phase resolution case. Results indicate that the use of this technique would make it possible to drive more than 10,000 elements with 33 input lines. The implementation of this method could have a large impact on ultrasound therapy and diagnostic devices
Description Author affiliation :: Dept. of Radiol., Brigham & Women's Hosp., Boston, MA
ISSN 08853010
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2007-04-01
Publisher Place U.S.A.
Rights Holder Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. (IEEE)
Volume Number 54
Issue Number 4
Size (in Bytes) 1.54 MB


Source: IEEE Xplore Digital Library