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Author Gharekhani, Jamal ♦ Abbasidoulatshahi, Ehsan ♦ Hemati, Zahra ♦ Rezaei, Aliakbar ♦ Rasouli, Mahmoudreza ♦ Bahrami, Mohammadali ♦ Shahreiari, Aboulghasem
Source Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
Content type Text
Publisher Network for the Veterinarians of Bangladesh
File Format PDF
Date Created 2016-12-22
Copyright Year ©2016
Language English
Subject Domain (in LCC) SF600-1100
Subject Keyword Agriculture ♦ Small ruminants ♦ Iran ♦ Serology ♦ Animal culture ♦ Brucella ♦ Veterinary medicine
Abstract Objective: Brucellosis is a highly contagious zoonosis with global distribution. The disease remains endemic in many countries including Iran, while its seroprevalence in endemic area is not well documented. We aimed to determine the seroprevalence of brucellosis in sheep and goats in Hamedan province, west of Iran. Material and methods: A total of 3,250 blood samples from 2,550 sheep and 700 goats were collected randomly. All samples were analyzed for the presence of Brucella antibodies using Rose Bengal, Wright standard tube agglutination and 2-mercaptoethanol agglutination tests. Results: The seroprevalence rate of brucellosis in animals and flock level were found in 4.6% and 13.6% of goats and 3% and 27.9% of sheep, respectively. No evidence of correlation between gender and Brucella infection rate were found in animals (P>0.05). Statistical significant differences was seen between age groups and infection rate in goats (P=0.033, OR=2.1); unlike to sheep (P=0.373). Also, the infection rate in nomads population of sheep was higher than fix location animals (P=0.003; OR=1.9); unlike to goats (P=0.195). In animals with history of abortion and vaccination against brucellosis, seroprevalence rate was significantly lower than other (P<0.05). Conclusion: This is the first report of brucellosis in sheep and goats in Hamedan province. The design of a comprehensive control program including vaccination, screening, and culling of brucellosis-positive animals is recommended. [J Adv Vet Anim Res 2016; 3(4.000): 399-405]
ISSN 23117710
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG ♦ Career/Technical Study
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2016-12-01
e-ISSN 23117710
Journal Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research
Volume Number 3
Issue Number 4
Page Count 7
Starting Page 399
Ending Page 405

Source: Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)