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Author Yan, Yong ♦ Zhang, Xiaodong
Source ACM Digital Library
Content type Text
Publisher Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©1998
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Computer science, information & general works ♦ Computer programming, programs & data
Subject Keyword Aggressive locking ♦ Parallel algorithm ♦ Performance evaluation ♦ Priority heap ♦ Shared-memory system
Abstract The heap representation of priority queues is one of the most widely used data structures in the design of parallel algorithms. Efficiently exploiting the parallelism of a priority heap has significant influence on the efficiency of a wide range of applications and parallel algorithms. In this paper, we propose an aggressive priority heap operating algorithm, called the lock bypassing algorithm (LB) on shared memory systems. This algorithm minimizes interference of concurrent enqueue and dequeue operations on priority heaps while keeping the strict priority property: a dequeue always returns the minimum of a heap. The unique idea that distinguishes the LB algorithm from previous concurrent algorithms on priority heaps is the use of locking-on-demand and lock-bypassing techniques to minimize locking granularity and to maximize parallelism. The LB algorithm allows an enqueue operation to bypass the locks along its insertion path until it reaches a possible place where it can perform the insertion. Meanwhile a dequeue operation also makes its locking range and locking period as small as possible by carefully tuning its execution procedure. The LB algorithm is shown to be correct in terms of deadlock freedom and heap consistency. The performance of the LB algorithm was evaluated analytically and experimentally in comparison with previous algorithms. Analytical results show that the LB algorithm reduces by half the number of locks waited for in the worst case by previous algorithms. The experimental results show that the LB algorithm outperforms previously designed algorithms by up to a factor of 2 in hold time.
ISSN 10846654
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 1998-09-01
Publisher Place New York
e-ISSN 10846654
Journal Journal of Experimental Algorithmics (JEA)
Volume Number 3

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Source: ACM Digital Library