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Author Herrmann, Christian ♦ Ziegler, Martin
Source ACM Digital Library
Content type Text
Publisher Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2016
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Computer science, information & general works ♦ Data processing & computer science
Subject Keyword Blum-Shub-Smale model ♦ Quantum logic ♦ Computational complexity ♦ Existential theory of the reals ♦ Satisfiability
Abstract We connect both discrete and algebraic complexity theory with the satisfiability problem in certain non-Boolean lattices. Specifically, quantum logic was introduced in 1936 by Garrett Birkhoff and John von Neumann as a framework for capturing the logical peculiarities of quantum observables: in the 1D case it coincides with Boolean propositional logic but, starting with dimension two, violates the distributive law. We introduce the weak and strong satisfiability problem for quantum logic propositional formulae. It turns out that in dimension two, both are also $\textit{NP}--complete.$ For higher-dimensional spaces $ℝ^{d}$ and $ℂ^{d}$ with $\textit{d}$ ≥ 3 fixed, on the other hand, we show both problems to be complete for the nondeterministic Blum-Shub-Smale (BSS) model of real computation. This provides a unified view on both Turing and real BSS complexity theory, and extends the (still relatively scarce) list of problems established $NP_{ℝ}--complete$ with one, perhaps, closest in spirit to the classical Cook-Levin Theorem. More precisely, strong satisfiability of ∧ ∨ ∧ --terms is complete, while that of ∧ ∨--terms (i.e., those in conjunctive form) can be decided in polynomial time in dimensions $\textit{d}≥$ 2. The decidability of the infinite-dimensional case being still open, we proceed to investigate the case of indefinite finite dimensions. Here, weak satisfiability still belongs to $NP_{R}$ and strong satisfiability is still hard; the latter, in fact, turns out as polynomial-time equivalent to the feasibility of noncommutative integer polynomial equations over matrix rings.
ISSN 00045411
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2016-05-04
Publisher Place New York
e-ISSN 1557735X
Journal Journal of the ACM (JACM)
Volume Number 63
Issue Number 2
Page Count 31
Starting Page 1
Ending Page 31


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Source: ACM Digital Library