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Author Hettiarachchi, Ramya ♦ Abeysena, Chrishantha
Editor Kershaw, David B.
Source Hindawi
Content type Text
Publisher Hindawi
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2018
Language English
Abstract Background. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Hence, CKD patients are often in chronic psychological distress. The objective of the study was to describe factors associated with psychological distress of CKD patients attending National Nephrology Unit. Methods. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 382 CKD patients above 18 years of age applying systematic sampling. The data was collected using self-administered questionnaires to assess the psychological distress (GHQ-12), social support (SSQ6), coping strategies (BRIEFCOPE), pain (0 to 10 numeric pain rating scale), and physical role limitation due to ill health (SF36QOL). Sociodemographic and disease-related data were collected using an interviewer administered questionnaire and a data extraction sheet. Multiple logistic regression was applied for determining the associated factors. The results were expressed as adjusted odds ratio (AOR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). Results. Percentage of psychological distress was 55.2% (95% CI: 48.4% to 62%). Poor social support (AOR = 1.81, 95% CI: 1.14–2.88), low satisfaction with the social support received (AOR = 4.14, 95% CI: 1.59–10.78), stages IV and V of CKD (AOR = 2.67, 95% CI: 1.65–4.20), presence of comorbidities (AOR = 2.38, 95% CI: 1.21–4.67), within one year of diagnosis (AOR = 2.23, 95% CI: 1.36–3.67), low monthly income (AOR = 2.26, CI: 1.26–4.06), higher out-of-pocket expenditure per month (AOR = 1.75, 95% CI: 1.75–1.99), and being a female (AOR = 2.95, 95% CI: 1.79–4.9) were significantly associated with psychological distress. Conclusions. More than half of the CKD patients were psychologically distressed. Factors such as financial and social support will be worth considering early because of their modifiability.
ISSN 2090214X
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2018-05-16
Rights License This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
e-ISSN 20902158
Journal International Journal of Nephrology
Volume Number 2018
Page Count 6


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