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Author Li, Yan ♦ Xie, Na ♦ Liang, Min
Editor Fratini, Filippo
Source Hindawi
Content type Text
Publisher Hindawi
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2019
Language English
Abstract Background and Purpose. Cardiovascular disease is the major cause of death in dialysis patients. Although aldosterone antagonists were considered a treatment for severe heart failure patients to reduce cardiac mortality, whether treating patients undergoing maintenance dialysis with aldosterone antagonists could reduce the risk of cardiocerebrovascular (CCV) remains unclear. We aim to systematically assess the efficacy and tolerability of the addition of aldosterone antagonists to conventional therapy in patients undergoing maintenance dialysis. Materials and Methods. We searched PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, the Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM), and the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) for relevant articles. The primary endpoint of interest was CCV mortality. The secondary endpoints were all-cause mortality, left ventricular mass index (LVMI), and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Publication bias was evaluated using funnel plots and Egger’s test. The meta-analysis was performed using Review Manager software version 5.3. Results. This analysis included 10 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with 1172 total chronic dialysis patients. The use of aldosterone antagonists in the dialysis population resulted in a marked reduction in CCV mortality (RR 0.42, 95% CI 0.26-0.65, P=0.0002) and all-cause mortality (RR0.46, 95%CI 0.32-0.66, P<0.0001). The LVEF was improved by treatment with aldosterone antagonists (WMD 6.35%, P<0.00001). Moreover, aldosterone antagonists decreased the LVMI (WMD -8.69 g/m2, P=0.0006), whereas aldosterone antagonists increased the occurrence of hyperkalemia (RR1.70, 95%CI 1-2.88, P=0.05) and gynecomastia (RR 8.01, 95% CI 2.44- 26.27, P=0.0006). Conclusions. Addition of aldosterone antagonists to conventional treatment in chronic dialysis patients may reduce CCV mortality, improve cardiac function, and simultaneously decrease LVMI.
ISSN 1741427X
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2019-03-03
Rights License This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
e-ISSN 17414288
Journal Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume Number 2019
Page Count 9


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