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Author de Menezes, Andreia Freire ♦ Motta, Douglas Rafanelle Moura de Santana ♦ Carvalho, Fernanda Oliveira de ♦ Santana-Santos, Eduesley ♦ de Andrade Júnior, Manoel Pacheco ♦ Figueirôa, Mirela Farias ♦ Farias, Maria Isabel Teles ♦ Bastos, Kleyton de Andrade
Editor Agarwal, Anil K.
Source Hindawi
Content type Text
Publisher Hindawi
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2018
Language English
Abstract Background. Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is more prevalent in chronic kidney patients than in the general population, but it is often diagnosed late and its predictors are unknown. Purpose. To diagnose RLS in a group of chronic kidney patients on dialysis, determine its frequency and severity, compare the prevalence and severity of the condition among dialytic modalities, and identify possible predictive factors in this population. Methods. An observational and cross-sectional study with 326 patients who had been on dialysis for more than 3 months, 241 on hemodialysis (HD) and 85 on automatic peritoneal dialysis (APD), using the criteria established by the International Study Group on RLS for the diagnosis and the RLS Rating Scale to determine its severity. Results. RLS was diagnosed in 19.3% of the patients, 52.4% with severe or very severe forms. Patients with and without RLS did not differ in clinical and demographic characteristics and dialytic modality; however, patients on APD presented higher RLS severity compared to the HD group. Conclusions. RLS is frequent in dialysis patients and occurs predominantly in its most severe forms; the dialytic modality seems to have no influence on its occurrence; however, it is more severe in patients on APD.
ISSN 2090214X
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2018-02-25
Rights License This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
e-ISSN 20902158
Journal International Journal of Nephrology
Volume Number 2018
Page Count 6


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