Thumbnail
Access Restriction
Open

Author Tolokonnikov, S. V. ♦ Borzov, I. N. ♦ Lutostansky, Yu. S. ♦ Saperstein, E. E.
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS ♦ ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS ♦ DEFORMED NUCLEI ♦ DENSITY FUNCTIONAL METHOD ♦ ENERGY DENSITY ♦ EXPERIMENTAL DATA ♦ GROUND STATES ♦ LEAD 180 ♦ LEAD 184 ♦ MAGNETIC MOMENTS ♦ MEAN-FIELD THEORY ♦ NEUTRONS ♦ PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS ♦ SKYRME POTENTIAL ♦ SPHERICAL CONFIGURATION
Abstract The deformation properties of a long lead isotopic chain up to the neutron drip line are analyzed on the basis of the energy density functional (EDF) in the FaNDF{sup 0} Fayans form. The question of whether the ground state of neutron-deficient lead isotopes can have a stable deformation is studied in detail. The prediction of this deformation is contained in the results obtained on the basis of the HFB-17 and HFB-27 Skyrme EDF versions and reported on Internet. The present analysis reveals that this is at odds with experimental data on charge radii and magnetic moments of odd lead isotopes. The Fayans EDF version predicts a spherical ground state for all light lead isotopes, but some of them (for example, {sup 180}Pb and {sup 184}Pb) prove to be very soft—that is, close to the point of a phase transition to a deformed state. Also, the results obtained in our present study are compared with the predictions of some other Skyrme EDF versions, including SKM*, SLy4, SLy6, and UNE1. By and large, their predictions are closer to the results arising upon the application of the Fayans functional. For example, the SLy4 functional predicts, in just the same way as the FaNDF{sup 0} functional, a spherical shape for all nuclei of this region. The remaining three Skyrme EDF versions lead to a deformation of some light lead isotopes, but their number is substantially smaller than that in the case of the HFB-17 and HFB-27 functionals. Moreover, the respective deformation energy is substantially lower, which gives grounds to hope for the restoration of a spherical shape upon going beyond the mean-field approximation, which we use here. Also, the deformation properties of neutron-rich lead isotopes are studied up to the neutron drip line. Here, the results obtained with the FaNDF{sup 0} functional are compared with the predictions of the HFB-17, HFB-27, SKM*, and SLy4 Skyrme EDF versions. All of the EDF versions considered here predict the existence of a region where neutron-rich lead isotopes undergo deformations, but the size of this region is substantially different for the different functionals being considered. Once again, it is maximal for the HFB-17 and HFB-27 functionals, is substantially narrower for the FaNDF{sup 0} functional, and is still narrower for the SKM* and SLy4 functionals. The two-neutron drip line proved to be A{sub drip}{sup 2n} = 266 for all of the EDF versions considered here, with the exception of SKM*, for which it is shifted to A{sub drip}{sup 2n}(SKM*) = 272.
ISSN 10637788
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2016-01-15
Publisher Place United States
Journal Physics of Atomic Nuclei
Volume Number 79
Issue Number 1


Open content in new tab

   Open content in new tab