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Author Gotman, Irena ♦ Gutmanas, Elazar Y. ♦ Zaretzky, Asaph ♦ Psakhie, Sergey G.
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword MATERIALS SCIENCE ♦ ANNEALING ♦ BACKSCATTERING ♦ BONE MARROW ♦ CRITICAL SIZE ♦ DEFECTS ♦ FOAMS ♦ IMAGES ♦ IMPLANTS ♦ MECHANICAL PROPERTIES ♦ MICROSTRUCTURE ♦ NICKEL ALLOYS ♦ NICKEL IONS ♦ POROUS MATERIALS ♦ POWDERS ♦ RABBITS ♦ REGENERATION ♦ SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY ♦ SKELETON ♦ TITANIUM ALLOYS ♦ X-RAY DIFFRACTION
Abstract The research aim was to evaluate the bone regeneration capability of novel load-bearing NiTi alloy (Nitinol) scaffolds in a critical-size defect (CSD) model. High strength “trabecular Nitinol” scaffolds were prepared by PIRAC (Powder Immersion Reaction Assisted Coating) annealing of the highly porous Ni foam in Ti powder at 900°C. This was followed by PIRAC nitriding to mitigate the release of potentially toxic Ni ions. Scaffolds phase composition and microstructure were characterized by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy (SEM/EDS), and their mechanical properties were tested in compression. New Zealand white rabbits received bone defect in right radius and were divided in four groups randomly. In the control group, nothing was placed in the defect. In other groups, NiTi scaffolds were implanted in the defect: (i) as produced, (ii) loaded with bone marrow aspirate (BMA), and (iii) biomimetically CaP-coated. The animals were sacrificed after 12 weeks. The forelimbs with scaffolds were resected, fixed, sectioned and examined in SEM. New bone formation inside the scaffold was studied by EDS analysis and by the processing of backscattered electron images. Bone ingrowth into the scaffold was observed in all implant groups, mostly next to the ulna. New bone formation was strongly enhanced by BMA loading and biomimeatic CaP coating, the bone penetrating as much as 1–1.5 mm into the scaffold. The results of this preliminary study demonstrate that the newly developed high strength trabecular Nitinol scaffolds can be successfully used for bone regeneration in critical size defects.
ISSN 0094243X
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2015-10-27
Publisher Place United States
Volume Number 1683
Issue Number 1


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