|Source||United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information|
|Subject Keyword||PHYSICS ♦ ANGULAR DISTRIBUTION ♦ ANTIMONY 117 ♦ BINDING ENERGY ♦ ELECTRIC MOMENTS ♦ ELECTRONS ♦ ENERGY ♦ ENERGY LEVELS ♦ GAMMA RADIATION ♦ INTERACTIONS ♦ MASS ♦ METALS ♦ MOMENTUM ♦ NUCLEAR MODELS ♦ NUCLEAR STRUCTURE ♦ NUMERICALS ♦ ORBITS ♦ PAIRING ENERGY ♦ PARTICLE MODELS ♦ PROBABILITY THEORY ♦ QUANTUM MECHANICS ♦ QUASI PARTICLES ♦ SHELL MODELS ♦ STATISTICS ♦ TRANSIENTS|
|Abstract||Several examples of the effect of pairing correlations on nuclear gamma- ray transitions are presented. It is shown that even it collective coupling exists, gamma-ray transitions of electric multipole type between low-lying quasiparticle states whose free shell-model orbit energies are symmetrically related to the Fermi energy may be extremely retirded. The factor (U/sub i/U/sub f/-V/sub i/V/sub f/) that arises fro m the pairing correlation is directly estimated from empirical even-odd mass difference data. The agreement of the calculated transition probabilities with experimental results is good. A shell- model calculation taking into account the pairing correlation was also made for transitions of E2 type between d/sub 3/2/ and s/sub 1/2/ orbits in Sn/sup 117/ and Sn/sup 11 8/ and the results are compared with that of the quasiparticle approximation. It is shown that the quasiparticle approximation is more improved by using renormalized wave functions that are obtained by projecting out only the terms having the correct number of particles than by taking into account only the blocking effect except for special cases. (auth)|
|Learning Resource Type||Article|
|Publisher Department||Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, N.Y.|
|Publisher Place||United States|
|Technical Publication No.||BNL-7446|
|Organization||Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, N.Y.|
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