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Author Shiraishi, Satomi ♦ Moore, Kevin L.
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE ♦ RADIATION PROTECTION AND DOSIMETRY ♦ ACCURACY ♦ ERRORS ♦ HEALTH HAZARDS ♦ NEURAL NETWORKS ♦ PATIENTS ♦ PROSTATE ♦ RADIATION DOSE DISTRIBUTIONS ♦ RADIATION DOSES ♦ RADIOTHERAPY ♦ RECTUM ♦ SURGERY ♦ TRAINING
Abstract Purpose: To demonstrate knowledge-based 3D dose prediction for external beam radiotherapy. Methods: Using previously treated plans as training data, an artificial neural network (ANN) was trained to predict a dose matrix based on patient-specific geometric and planning parameters, such as the closest distance (r) to planning target volume (PTV) and organ-at-risks (OARs). Twenty-three prostate and 43 stereotactic radiosurgery/radiotherapy (SRS/SRT) cases with at least one nearby OAR were studied. All were planned with volumetric-modulated arc therapy to prescription doses of 81 Gy for prostate and 12–30 Gy for SRS. Using these clinically approved plans, ANNs were trained to predict dose matrix and the predictive accuracy was evaluated using the dose difference between the clinical plan and prediction, δD = D{sub clin} − D{sub pred}. The mean (⟨δD{sub r}⟩), standard deviation (σ{sub δD{sub r}}), and their interquartile range (IQR) for the training plans were evaluated at a 2–3 mm interval from the PTV boundary (r{sub PTV}) to assess prediction bias and precision. Initially, unfiltered models which were trained using all plans in the cohorts were created for each treatment site. The models predict approximately the average quality of OAR sparing. Emphasizing a subset of plans that exhibited superior to the average OAR sparing during training, refined models were created to predict high-quality rectum sparing for prostate and brainstem sparing for SRS. Using the refined model, potentially suboptimal plans were identified where the model predicted further sparing of the OARs was achievable. Replans were performed to test if the OAR sparing could be improved as predicted by the model. Results: The refined models demonstrated highly accurate dose distribution prediction. For prostate cases, the average prediction bias for all voxels irrespective of organ delineation ranged from −1% to 0% with maximum IQR of 3% over r{sub PTV} ∈ [ − 6, 30] mm. The average prediction error was less than 10% for the same r{sub PTV} range. For SRS cases, the average prediction bias ranged from −0.7% to 1.5% with maximum IQR of 5% over r{sub PTV} ∈ [ − 4, 32] mm. The average prediction error was less than 8%. Four potentially suboptimal plans were identified for each site and subsequent replanning demonstrated improved sparing of rectum and brainstem. Conclusions: The study demonstrates highly accurate knowledge-based 3D dose predictions for radiotherapy plans.
ISSN 00942405
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2016-01-15
Publisher Place United States
Journal Medical Physics
Volume Number 43
Issue Number 1


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