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Author Nurdin, Naufal Muharam ♦ Martianto, Drajat ♦ Rimbawan, Rimbawan ♦ Dewi, Mira
Source Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
Content type Text
Publisher Bogor Agricultural University
File Format HTM / HTML
Date Created 2015-06-30
Copyright Year ©2014
Language English ♦ Indonesian
Subject Domain (in LCC) TX341-641
Subject Keyword Nutrition ♦ Foods and food supply ♦ Technology ♦ Home economics
Abstract ABSTRACTThe objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of addition of phytosterol on palm oil among metabolic syndrome (MetS) subject. This study was a clinical trial with randomized double blind controlled design. Thirty adult subject (age 40—60) with MetS are divided into 2 groups. Intervention group were given palm oil enriched with 6.5% phytosterol and used as cooking oil for habitual use for 8 week. The control group were given palm oil without phytosterol. Nutrition intake was assesed by recalls every 2 weeks. Blood lipid profile, blood glucose and anthropometry were analyzed at pre and post intevention. After 8 week intervention, estimated total palm cooking oil and phytosterol consumption on intervention group were 46±23 g/day and 2±1 g/day. There were no significant change of the LDL-choleseterol level (p>0.05) but there were a significant reductiton of serum total cholesterol and triglyceride level compared the control group (respectively p=0.007 and p=0.027). In conclusion with high level palm cooking oil intake, estimated phytosterol intake had reached the target and there are slight improvement of the lipid profile on MetS subject .Keywords: lipid profile, metabolic syndrome, palm oil, phytosterolABSTRAKTujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis efek penambahan fitosterol pada minyak goreng sawit terhadap profil lipid subjek dengan sindroma metabolik (SM). Penelitian ini merupakan uji klinis acak tersamar ganda. Sebanyak 30 subjek dewasa dengan umur 40—60 tahun yang memenuhi kriteria SM terlibat pada penelitian ini. Subjek dibagi menjadi dua kelompok yaitu kelompok perlakuan dan kontrol. Kelompok perlakuan diberikan minyak sawit yang diperkaya 6.5% fitosterol dan digunakan sebagai minyak goreng sesuai kebiasaan sehari-hari selama delapan minggu sedangkan kelompok kontrol diberikan minyak sawit tanpa fitosterol. Konsumsi pangan dinilai melalui metode 24 jam-recall setiap dua minggu. Pengukuran antropometri dan profil lipid darah dilakukan pada awal dan akhir intervensi. Setelah delapan minggu intervensi, estimasi rata-rata total konsumsi minyak sawit yaitu 46±23 g/hari dan rata-rata estimasi asupan fitosterol pada kelompok perlakuan yaitu sebesar dan 2.0±1 g/hari. Hasil pada penelitian ini yaitu tidak terdapat perubahan signifikan terhadap kadar kolesterol-LDL (p>0.05) namun terdapat penurunan signifikan pada kadar kolesterol-total dan trigliserida (p<0.05). Pada penelitian ini, subjek dengan konsumsi minyak sawit yang tinggi, asupan fitosterol dapat memenuhi target dan terdapat sedikit perbaikan pada beberapa parameter profil lipid bila dibandingkan pada kontrol.Kata kunci: fitosterol, minyak sawit, profil lipid, sindroma metabolik
ISSN 19781059
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG ♦ Career/Technical Study
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2014-11-01
e-ISSN 19781059
Journal Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan
Volume Number 9
Issue Number 2


Source: Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)