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Author Chimani, Markus ♦ Hungerlnder, Philipp ♦ Jnger, Michael ♦ Mutzel, Petra
Source ACM Digital Library
Content type Text
Publisher Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2012
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Computer science, information & general works ♦ Computer programming, programs & data
Subject Keyword Exact multi-level crossing minimization ♦ SDP approach ♦ Sugiyama ♦ Experimental evaluation
Abstract We present an approach based on semidefinite programs (SDP) to tackle the multi-level crossing minimization problem. We are given a layered graph (i.e., the graph's vertices are assigned to multiple parallel levels) and are asked for an ordering of the nodes on each level such that, when drawing the graph with straight lines, the resulting number of crossings is minimized. Solving this step is crucial in what is probably the most widely used graph drawing scheme, the Sugiyama framework. The problem has received a lot of attention in both the fields of heuristics and exact methods. For a long time, integer linear programming (ILP) approaches were the only exact algorithms applicable, at least for small graphs. Recently, SDP formulations for the special case of two levels were proposed and dominated the ILP for dense instances. In this article, we present a new SDP formulation for the general multi-level version that, for two levels, is even stronger than the aforementioned specialized SDP. As a by-product, we also obtain an SDP-based heuristic, which in practice always gives (near-)optimal solutions. We conduct a large set of experiments, both on randomized and on real-world instances, and compare our approach to a state-of-the-art ILP-based branch-and-cut implementation. The SDP clearly dominates for denser graphs, while the ILP approach is usually faster for sparse instances. However, even for such sparse graphs, the SDP solves more instances to optimality than the ILP. In fact, there is no single instance that the ILP solved that the SDP did not. Overall, our experiments reveal that, for sparse graphs, one should usually try to find an optimal solution with the ILP first. If this approach does not solve the instance to optimality within reasonable time, the SDP still has a good chance to do so. Being able to solve larger real-world instances than reported before, we are also able to evaluate heuristics for this problem. In this article, we do so for the traditional barycenter-heuristic (showing that it leaves a large gap to the true optimum) and the state-of-the-art upward-planarization method (showing that it is usually close to the optimum).
ISSN 10846654
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2012-09-01
Publisher Place New York
e-ISSN 10846654
Journal Journal of Experimental Algorithmics (JEA)
Volume Number 17
Page Count 26
Starting Page 3.1
Ending Page 3.26

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Source: ACM Digital Library