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Author Krahl, Dieter ♦ Sellheyer, Klaus
Source World Health Organization (WHO)-Global Index Medicus
Content type Text
Publisher Wiley
File Format HTM / HTML
Language English
Difficulty Level Medium
Subject Domain (in DDC) Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Chemistry & allied sciences ♦ Life sciences; biology ♦ Physiology & related subjects ♦ Biochemistry ♦ Genetics and evolution ♦ Natural history of organisms ♦ Technology ♦ Medicine & health ♦ Human anatomy, cytology, histology ♦ Human physiology ♦ Pharmacology and therapeutics ♦ Diseases ♦ Manufacture for specific uses ♦ Precision instruments & other devices
Subject Domain (in MeSH) Tissues ♦ Integumentary System ♦ Anatomy ♦ Eukaryota ♦ Organisms ♦ Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins ♦ Chemicals and Drugs ♦ Diagnosis ♦ Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment ♦ Cell Physiological Phenomena ♦ Genetic Phenomena ♦ Biological Sciences ♦ Persons ♦ Persons
Subject Keyword Discipline Pathology ♦ Discipline Dermatology ♦ Hair Follicle ♦ Embryology ♦ Nails ♦ Sox9 Transcription Factor ♦ Metabolism ♦ Skin ♦ Adult ♦ Cell Proliferation ♦ Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental ♦ Humans ♦ Immunohistochemistry ♦ Journal Article
Abstract BACKGROUND: The sex-determining gene Sox9 was recently unexpectedly found to have an essential role in outer root sheath differentiation. It was also characterized as a general marker of basal cell carcinoma. Herein, we describe its spatiotemporal expression pattern outside the hair follicle during human cutaneous embryogenesis. METHODS: We examined immunohistochemically samples from embryonic and fetal human skin for the expression of SOX9 using standard techniques. For comparison reasons, we also included scalp skin from adults. RESULTS: SOX9 is expressed in the developing nail organ, eccrine glands, blood vessels and melanocytes/melanoblasts. In the nail organ, the nail bed but not the nail matrix was immunoreactive for SOX9. In plantar skin, SOX9 specifically labels the evolving eccrine glands but not the interfollicular keratinocytes. CONCLUSIONS: The distinctive expression pattern of SOX9 during human cutaneous embryogenesis indicates a key role in skin homeostasis that includes but goes beyond its role in outer root sheath differentiation. Studying immunohistochemical markers in developing human skin has the potential to further our understanding of adult skin physiology and to deepen our concepts especially of the histogenesis of adnexal tumors (including those of the nail unit) and the relationship of the various adnexal structures to each other.
Description Country affiliation: Germany
Author Affiliation: Krahl D ( Institut für Dermatohistologie, Heidelberg, Germany.)
ISSN 03036987
Educational Role Student ♦ Teacher
Age Range above 22 year
Educational Use Reading ♦ Research ♦ Self Learning
Interactivity Type Expositive
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2010-03-01
Publisher Place United States
e-ISSN 16000560
Journal Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
Volume Number 37
Issue Number 3

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Source: WHO-Global Index Medicus