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Author Wolf, Kristin L. ♦ Noe, Gregory B. ♦ Ahn, Changwoo
Source World Health Organization (WHO)-Global Index Medicus
Content type Text
Publisher American Society of Agronomy
File Format HTM / HTML
Language English
Difficulty Level Medium
Subject Domain (in DDC) Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Chemistry & allied sciences ♦ Life sciences; biology ♦ Physiology & related subjects ♦ Biochemistry ♦ Technology ♦ Medicine & health ♦ Human physiology ♦ Pharmacology and therapeutics ♦ Diseases ♦ Agriculture & related technologies ♦ Techniques, equipment & materials
Subject Domain (in MeSH) Inorganic Chemicals ♦ Complex Mixtures ♦ Chemicals and Drugs ♦ Physical Phenomena ♦ Biological Phenomena ♦ Biological Sciences
Subject Keyword Discipline Environmental Health ♦ Phosphorus ♦ Wetlands ♦ Nitrogen ♦ Rivers ♦ Soil ♦ Journal Article
Abstract Greater connectivity to stream surface water may result in greater inputs of allochthonous nutrients that could stimulate internal nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) cycling in natural, restored, and created riparian wetlands. This study investigated the effects of hydrologic connectivity to stream water on soil nutrient fluxes in plots ( = 20) located among four created and two natural freshwater wetlands of varying hydrology in the Piedmont physiographic province of Virginia. Surface water was slightly deeper; hydrologic inputs of sediment, sediment-N, and ammonium were greater; and soil net ammonification, N mineralization, and N turnover were greater in plots with stream water classified as their primary water source compared with plots with precipitation or groundwater as their primary water source. Soil water-filled pore space, inputs of nitrate, and soil net nitrification, P mineralization, and denitrification enzyme activity (DEA) were similar among plots. Soil ammonification, N mineralization, and N turnover rates increased with the loading rate of ammonium to the soil surface. Phosphorus mineralization and ammonification also increased with sedimentation and sediment-N loading rate. Nitrification flux and DEA were positively associated in these wetlands. In conclusion, hydrologic connectivity to stream water increased allochthonous inputs that stimulated soil N and P cycling and that likely led to greater retention of sediment and nutrients in created and natural wetlands. Our findings suggest that wetland creation and restoration projects should be designed to allow connectivity with stream water if the goal is to optimize the function of water quality improvement in a watershed.
ISSN 00472425
Educational Role Student ♦ Teacher
Age Range above 22 year
Educational Use Reading ♦ Research ♦ Self Learning
Interactivity Type Expositive
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2013-07-01
Publisher Place United States
e-ISSN 15372537
Journal Journal of Environment Quality
Volume Number 42
Issue Number 4

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Source: WHO-Global Index Medicus