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Author Sabater Marco, Vicente ♦ Escutia Muñoz, Begoña ♦ Morera Faet, Arturo ♦ Mata Roig, Manuel ♦ Botella Estrada, Rafael
Source World Health Organization (WHO)-Global Index Medicus
Content type Text
Publisher Wiley
File Format HTM / HTML
Language English
Difficulty Level Medium
Subject Domain (in DDC) Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Chemistry & allied sciences ♦ Life sciences; biology ♦ Physiology & related subjects ♦ Biochemistry ♦ Genetics and evolution ♦ Natural history of organisms ♦ Technology ♦ Medicine & health ♦ Human physiology ♦ Pharmacology and therapeutics ♦ Diseases ♦ Manufacture for specific uses ♦ Precision instruments & other devices
Subject Domain (in MeSH) Eukaryota ♦ Organisms ♦ Neoplasms ♦ Skin and Connective Tissue Diseases ♦ Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms ♦ Diseases ♦ Enzymes and Coenzymes ♦ Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins ♦ Chemicals and Drugs ♦ Diagnosis ♦ Investigative Techniques ♦ Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment ♦ Genetic Phenomena ♦ Biological Sciences ♦ Persons ♦ Persons
Subject Keyword Discipline Pathology ♦ Discipline Dermatology ♦ Dermatitis ♦ Nevus, Epithelioid And Spindle Cell ♦ Skin Neoplasms ♦ Amino Acid Substitution ♦ Child ♦ Genetics ♦ Metabolism ♦ Pathology ♦ Diagnosis, Differential ♦ Female ♦ Humans ♦ Inflammation ♦ Mutation, Missense ♦ Proto-oncogene Proteins P21(ras) ♦ S100 Proteins ♦ Case Reports ♦ Journal Article
Abstract Spitz nevus is a benign melanocytic proliferation that shows relatively characteristic clinicopathologic features. Despite this, Spitz nevus is clinically confused with many other lesions, and histopathologically it is sometimes difficult to distinguish it from melanoma. However, Spitz nevus rarely causes differential diagnostic problems with granulomatous dermatitis. This article describes an 8-year-old girl who presented with a nodule on her right arm, a clinical appearance of a pyogenic granuloma. Histopathologically, there was a dermal lesion composed of aggregates of large epithelioid cells surrounded by a heavy inflammatory infiltrate, mimicking a sarcoid-like granulomatous dermatitis. Immunohistochemistry showed epithelioid cells with strong nuclear and cytoplasmic staining with S-100 protein, thus establishing the diagnosis of a melanocytic tumor. The heavy T-cell lymphocytic infiltrate that accompanies the large epithelioid cells caused its granulomatous appearance. Molecular assessment showed H27H mutation in the HRAS gene. We suggest the term ‘pseudogranulomatous’ for this variant of Spitz nevus because it indicates that the lesion is not authentically granulomatous and simply mimics a granulomatous dermatitis.
Description Country affiliation: Spain
Author Affiliation: Sabater Marco V ( Department of Pathology, University General Hospital, Valencia, Spain.
ISSN 03036987
Educational Role Student ♦ Teacher
Age Range above 22 year
Educational Use Reading ♦ Research ♦ Self Learning
Interactivity Type Expositive
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Case study ♦ Article
Publisher Date 2013-03-01
Publisher Place United States
e-ISSN 16000560
Journal Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
Volume Number 40
Issue Number 3

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Source: WHO-Global Index Medicus