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Author Abedin, Ahmad Firdaus Zainal ♦ Ibrahim, Noorddin ♦ Zabidi, Noriza Ahmad ♦ Demon, Siti Zulaikha Ngah
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS ♦ AIR ♦ COMPTON EFFECT ♦ CONCRETES ♦ CYLINDERS ♦ DETECTION ♦ EXPLOSIVES ♦ GAMMA RADIATION ♦ GRAPHITE ♦ HEIGHT ♦ LIMESTONE ♦ MEV RANGE 01-10 ♦ MONTE CARLO METHOD ♦ NAI DETECTORS ♦ PHOTONS ♦ POLYETHYLENES ♦ SAND ♦ SIMULATION ♦ SOILS ♦ WATER ♦ WOOD
Abstract The Compton scattering is able to determine the signature of land mine detection based on dependency of density anomaly and energy change of scattered photons. In this study, 4.43 MeV gamma of the Am-Be source was used to perform Compton scattering. Two detectors were placed between source with distance of 8 cm and radius of 1.9 cm. Detectors of thallium-doped sodium iodide NaI(TI) was used for detecting gamma ray. There are 9 anomalies used in this simulation. The physical of anomaly is in cylinder form with radius of 10 cm and 8.9 cm height. The anomaly is buried 5 cm deep in the bed soil measured 80 cm radius and 53.5 cm height. Monte Carlo methods indicated the scattering of photons is directly proportional to density of anomalies. The difference between detector response with anomaly and without anomaly namely contrast ratio values are in a linear relationship with density of anomalies. Anomalies of air, wood and water give positive contrast ratio values whereas explosive, sand, concrete, graphite, limestone and polyethylene give negative contrast ratio values. Overall, the contrast ratio values are greater than 2 % for all anomalies. The strong contrast ratios result a good detection capability and distinction between anomalies.
ISSN 0094243X
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2016-01-22
Publisher Place United States
Volume Number 1704
Issue Number 1