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Source OECD iLibrary
Content type Text
Publisher OECD Publishing
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Social sciences ♦ Economics ♦ Economics of land & energy ♦ Technology ♦ Agriculture & related technologies
Subject Keyword Agriculture and Food ♦ Environment
Abstract Agriculture has been subject to considerable public intervention over the past halfcentury, perhaps more than any other economic sector (Robinson, 1989; Gardner, 1990). The provision of public support in the form of guaranteed output prices, input subsidies, deficiency payments, crop area payments, or disaster relief has encouraged and facilitated investment by farmers in production capacity expansion. While this has made it possible to achieve, inter alia, national production objectives, it has also been accompanied by more intensive soil tillage, increased reliance on agrochemicals, and expansion on marginal cropland. Given its associated effects upon the quality of soil, water and wildlife habitat, various authors have implicated agricultural policy as a contributing cause of environmental degradation (Libby, 1985; Pierce, 1993; OECD, 1989; Lewandrowski et al., 1997). Agricultural policies may also have positive effects on environment – for example, agriculture-related semi-natural habitats and open landscape, flood and drought control.
Learning Resource Type Chapter
Publisher Date 2010-11-16
Organization OECD
Page Count 2
Starting Page 13
Ending Page 14

Source: OECD iLibrary