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Author Thangavel, K. ♦ Rengaswamy, N. S.
Source CSIR-Central Electrochemical Research Institute
Content type Text
Publisher Elsevier Science Ltd
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©1998
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Engineering & allied operations ♦ Chemical engineering
Subject Keyword Concrete corrosion ♦ Corrosion Science and Engineering
Abstract Just as water cement ratio is an important parameter controlling the strength of concrete, alkali chloride relationship is an important aspect influencing the performance of steel embedded in concrete. In the past, several studies have been cam’ed out to determine the threshold limit for chloride and it has been established that the tolerable limit for chloride increases with alkalinity. However; in practice, the chloride level is invariably in excess of the tolerable limit and thus is bound to accelerate corrosion. No clear relationship between chloride hydroxide ratio and corrosion rate of steel has been established so far This paper addresses this important aspect by carrying out some systematic long term evaluation studies. Two diflerent concrete mixes (lean rich) and two difjerent exposure conditions (immersion atmosphere) were used in this investigation. Initial sodium chloride content in the concrete was varied in the range 0, 0.01, 0.05, 0.1, 0.5, 1 and 3.5% N by weight of cement. Corrosion rate was evaluated by conventional gravimetric method. The investigation revealed that even with adequate oxygen availability, the corrosion rate of steel embedded in concrete increases steeply with the Cl OH ratio, and no such relationship is found to exist when the exposure conditions restricts the availability of oxygen.
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 1998-01-01
Journal PeerReviewed