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Author Choi, J. H. ♦ Maruthamuthu, S. ♦ Lee, H. G. ♦ Ha, T. H. ♦ Bae, J. H.
Source CSIR-Central Electrochemical Research Institute
Content type Text
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2009
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Engineering & allied operations ♦ Chemical engineering
Subject Keyword Corrosion Protection ♦ Corrosion Science and Engineering
Abstract Organic and trace metal pollutants are removed by employing various electrodes in an electrokinetic (EK) process. Stainless steel was used either as an anode or a cathode by various investigators in electroremediation systems. In the present study, the role of SS316L as an anode and cathode in EK system was studied by the measurements of pH, conductivity of electrolyte, and potential of the anode and cathode at different current densities. The weight loss of the anode and cathode and the leaching of chromium, iron, and nickel at different current densities were measured and discussed with an electroosmosis process. The electrochemical behavior of SS316L electrode in neutral, acidic and alkaline pH in soil environment was studied by an electrochemical technique viz. polarization study. Surface analysis of SS316L after EK was done by XPS and SEM. The higher conductivity was noticed at anolyte when compared to catholyte. The weight loss of the anode was in the following order 0.615 0.307 0.123 mA cm2 and the cathode corrosion rate was vice versa. Peroxide production was also noticed at the anolyte, which may encourage the degradation of the total organic content (TOC) in the soil. The OCP (open circuit potential) of SS316L was about +75 mV vs SCE in the soil extract; while adding acetic acid, the potential shifted to the positive side, to about +380 mV vs SCE. The breakdown potential and the range of passivation potential were higher in acetic acid added system when compared to other systems. Pitting was observed on both the anode and cathode within 48 h during the EK process. The present study concludes that SS is not a proper electrode material for the EK process.
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2009-01-01
Journal PeerReviewed