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Author Vasantha, V. S. ♦ Phani, K. L. N.
Source CSIR-Central Electrochemical Research Institute
Content type Text
Publisher Elsevier BV
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2002
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Chemistry & allied sciences ♦ Technology ♦ Engineering & allied operations ♦ Applied physics
Subject Keyword Electrodics and Electrocatalysis
Abstract The electrochemical oxidation of 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene (EDOT) on platinum is studied in electrolyte solutions containing hydroxypropyl--cyclodextrin (HP--CD). HP--CD is found to increase the solubility of EDOT up to a concentration of 0.026 M in aqueous solutions. Addition of HP--CD (0.1 M) produces a slight red shift of the EDOT main absorption band from 254.9 to 257.7 nm and an increase of the HP--CD concentration decreases the absorption coefficient, max to 6150 l mol−1 cm−1 in the UV–vis region, indicating complex formation. The cyclic voltammetric response of EDOT in 0.1 M aqueous LiClO4 solutions consists of an ill-defined wave (P1) and an adsorption peak (P2). Contrary to the case of oxidation in acetonitrile medium, a post-peak is observed in the voltammograms of EDOT electro-oxidation in aqueous LiClO4 solutions due to the adsorption of the oxidized EDOT species. A gradual reduction of the peak current of P2 with increasing [HP--CD] and its total disappearance at high [HP--CD] suggest complex formation between HP--CD and EDOT+ and also the peak P2 to be due to adsorption of EDOT+ species. The experiments intended to show the effect of ‘pre-adsorbed’ HP--CD on EDOT oxidation led to the conclusion that adsorbed HP--CD also solubilizes EDOT at the electrode surface. The CV behaviour of EDOT in HP--CD is discussed in comparison with that in sodium dodecylsulfate micellar solutions. Addition of increasing amounts of HP--CD shifts P1 positively and P2 negatively while also suppressing P2 totally and reducing the peak current of P1 to a significant extent. At a higher concentration of HP--CD, viz. 0.05 M, a peak appears at 1.29 V as a result of the above two opposing effects of CD on the peak potentials of P1 and P2. This resultant peak (Pcomposite) is more positive relative to the position of P1 observed in the absence of HP--CD. The positive shift of the peak and peak current reduction indicate that EDOT (or an oxidized EDOT species) possibly interacts with the outer nucleophilic part of HP--CD. The electro-oxidation processes occurring at P1 and P2 are explained using an oligomeric approach, in which the electrochemical reactions are coupled to chemical reactions or adsorption of the oxidized species. Potential cycling of the platinum electrode in solutions containing 0.026 M EDOT+0.05 M HP--CD+0.1 M LiClO4 between −0.5 and 1.2 V yields an adherent and smooth polymer film of poly(ethylenedioxythiophene), as shown in the SEM examination. In situ resistance measurements carried out with the polymer films in the electroactive region show a minimum resistance in the potential range of 0.3–0.4 V. Even the electrochemically-reduced films are found to possess some residual electrical conductivity.
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2002-01-01
Journal PeerReviewed