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Author Kumar, M. ♦ Anbukulandainathan, M. ♦ Arulraj, I. ♦ Chandrasekaran, R. ♦ Pattabiraman, R.
Source CSIR-Central Electrochemical Research Institute
Content type Text
Publisher Elsevier
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2005
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Chemistry & allied sciences ♦ Technology ♦ Engineering & allied operations
Subject Keyword Electroorganic ♦ Fuel Cells
Abstract Solid oxide fuel cell can convert fuels rich in H2 into electrical energy directly without pollution by electrochemical reaction with oxygen. The efficiency of energy conversion and durability of performance mainly depend on the oxide ion conducting solid electrolyte activity. The global experience gained all these years in the solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) development has prompted for a change from the state of the art functional electrolyte material, yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ), having a conductivity of 0.1 S cm−1 at 7000 ◦C, to a new material which exhibits equivalent conductivity values in the intermediate temperature range (600–700 ◦C). In this work, yttrium zirconate (Y2Zr2O7 (YZ)), an ionic conducting stable pyrochlore-based oxide prepared by glycine nitrate combustion route, is systematically characterised. Both circular and rectangular pellets were fabricated by uniaxial compression followed by annealing at different temperatures. The functional properties such as porosity, percentage thermal shrinkage in volume and percentage densification of the sintered pellets are compiled. Bismuth oxide is found to be an effective sintering aid in general. So, the effect of bismuth oxide addition on YZ was investigated through sintering studies, X-ray diffraction (XRD), TGA DTA, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and conductivity measurements. The results obtained on YZ with and without bismuth oxide addition are discussed with respect to the requirement of an electrolyte for intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cell (ITSOFC) application.
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2005-01-01
Journal PeerReviewed