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Author Khouzani, Hoda Aghaei ♦ Xue, Yuan ♦ Yang, Chengmo
Source ACM Digital Library
Content type Text
Publisher Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2016
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Computer science, information & general works ♦ Data processing & computer science
Subject Keyword Phase change memory ♦ Age-aware page allocation ♦ Interprocess wear leveling ♦ Segment information exploitation
Abstract Improving the endurance of phase change memory (PCM) is a fundamental issue when PCM technology is considered as an alternative to main memory usage. Existing wear-leveling techniques overcome this challenge through constantly remapping hot virtual pages, thus engendering a fair amount of extra write operations to PCM and imposing considerable performance and energy overhead. Our observation is that it is unnecessary to fully balance the accesses to different physical page frames during the execution of each process. Instead, since endurance is a lifetime factor, the hot virtual pages of different processes can be mapped to different physical pages in the PCM. Leveraging this property, we develop a wear-resistant page allocation algorithm, which exploits the diverse write characteristics of different program segments to improve PCM write endurance within almost no extra remapping cost in terms of energy and performance. The results of experiments conducted based on SPEC benchmarks show that the proposed technique can prolong PCM lifetime by hundreds of times within nearly zero searching and remapping overhead.
ISSN 15504832
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2016-05-12
Publisher Place New York
e-ISSN 15504840
Journal ACM Journal on Emerging Technologies in Computing Systems (JETC)
Volume Number 12
Issue Number 4
Page Count 26
Starting Page 1
Ending Page 26


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Source: ACM Digital Library