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Author Kindt, James T.
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY ♦ APPROXIMATIONS ♦ BINARY MIXTURES ♦ CORRELATIONS ♦ EFFICIENCY ♦ MAGNETIC DISKS ♦ MONTE CARLO METHOD ♦ PARTICLES ♦ SIMULATION ♦ SOLUTES ♦ SOLVENTS
Abstract A new “solvent repacking Monte Carlo” strategy for performing grand canonical ensemble simulations in condensed phases is introduced and applied to the study of hard-disk systems. The strategy is based on the configuration-bias approach, but uses an auxiliary biasing potential to improve the efficiency of packing multiple solvent particles in the cavity formed by removing one large solute. The method has been applied to study the coexistence of ordered and isotropic phases in three binary mixtures of hard disks with a small mole fraction (x{sub L} < 0.02) of the larger “solute” component. A chemical potential of 12.81 ± 0.01 k{sub B}T was found to correspond to the freezing transition of the pure hard disk “solvent.” Simulations permitted the study of partitioning of large disks between ordered and isotropic phases, which showed a distinct non-monotonic dependence on size; the isotropic phase was enriched approximately 10-fold, 20-fold, and 5-fold over the coexisting ordered phases at diameter ratios d = 1.4, 2.5, and 3, respectively. Mixing of large and small disks within both phases near coexistence was strongly non-ideal in spite of the dilution. Structures of systems near coexistence were analyzed to determine correlations between large disks’ positions within each phase, the orientational correlation length of small disks within the fluid phases, and the nature of translational order in the ordered phase. The analyses indicate that the ordered phase coexists with an isotropic phase resembling a nanoemulsion of ordered domains of small disks, with large disks enriched at the disordered domain interfaces.
ISSN 00219606
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2015-09-28
Publisher Place United States
Journal Journal of Chemical Physics
Volume Number 143
Issue Number 12


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