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Author Coffman, Edward G. ♦ Kleinrock, Leonard
Source ACM Digital Library
Content type Text
Publisher Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©1968
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Computer science, information & general works ♦ Data processing & computer science
Abstract Time-shared processing systems (e.g. communication or computer systems) are studied by considering priority disciplines operating in a stochastic queueing environment. Results are obtained for the average time spent in the system, conditioned on the length of required service (e.g. message lenght or number of computations). No chage is made for swap time, and the results hold only for Markov assumptions for the arrival and service processes.Two distinct feedback models with a single quantum-controlled service are considered. The first is a round-robin (RR) system in which the service facility processes each customer for a maximum of $\textit{q}$ sec. If the customer's service is completed during this quantum, he leaves the system; otherwise he returns to the end of the queue to await another quantum of service. The second is a feedback $(FB\textit{N})$ system with $\textit{N}$ queues in which a new arrival joins the tail of the first queue. The server gives service to a customer from the $\textit{n}th$ queue only if all lower numbered queues are empty. When taken from the $\textit{n}th$ queue, a customer is given $\textit{q}$ sec of service. If this completes his processing requirement he leaves the system; otherwise he joins the tail of the $(\textit{n}$ + 1)-st queue $(\textit{n}$ = 1, 2, · · ·, $\textit{N}$ - 1). The limiting case of $\textit{N}$ → ∞ is also treated. Both models are therefore quantum-controlled, and involve feedback to the tail of some queue, thus providing rapid service for customers with short service-time requirements. The interesting limiting case in which $\textit{q}$ → 0 (a “processor-shared” model) is also examined. Comparison is made with the first-come-first-served system and also the shortest-job-first discipline. Finally the FB∞ system is generalized to include (priority) inputs at each of the queues in the system.
ISSN 00045411
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 1968-10-01
Publisher Place New York
e-ISSN 1557735X
Journal Journal of the ACM (JACM)
Volume Number 15
Issue Number 4
Page Count 28
Starting Page 549
Ending Page 576


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Source: ACM Digital Library