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Author Opik, M. ♦ Metsis, M. ♦ Daniell, T. J. ♦ Zobel, M. ♦ Moora, M.
Source World Health Organization (WHO)-Global Index Medicus
Content type Text
Publisher Wiley
File Format HTM / HTML
Language English
Difficulty Level Medium
Subject Domain (in DDC) Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Chemistry & allied sciences ♦ Life sciences; biology ♦ Physiology & related subjects ♦ Biochemistry ♦ Genetics and evolution ♦ Natural history of organisms ♦ Technology ♦ Medicine & health ♦ Human anatomy, cytology, histology ♦ Human physiology ♦ Pharmacology and therapeutics ♦ Diseases ♦ Manufacture for specific uses ♦ Precision instruments & other devices
Subject Domain (in MeSH) Cells ♦ Plant Structures ♦ Anatomy ♦ Eukaryota ♦ Organisms ♦ Nucleic Acids, Nucleotides, and Nucleosides ♦ Chemicals and Drugs ♦ Investigative Techniques ♦ Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment ♦ Genetic Phenomena ♦ Biological Phenomena ♦ Biological Sciences
Subject Keyword Discipline Botany ♦ Fungi ♦ Classification ♦ Genes, Fungal ♦ Glomeromycota ♦ Genetics ♦ Mycorrhizae ♦ Trees ♦ Biodiversity ♦ Ecosystem ♦ Plant Roots ♦ Rna, Fungal ♦ Rna, Ribosomal ♦ Ribosome Subunits, Small, Eukaryotic ♦ Sequence Analysis, Dna ♦ Methods ♦ Species Specificity ♦ Journal Article ♦ Research Support, Non-u.s. Gov't
Abstract * Knowledge of the diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) in natural ecosystems is a major bottleneck in mycorrhizal ecology. Here, we aimed to apply 454 sequencing--providing a new level of descriptive power--to assess the AMF diversity in a boreonemoral forest. * 454 sequencing reads of the small subunit ribosomal RNA (SSU rRNA) gene of Glomeromycota were assigned to sequence groups by blast searches against a custom-made annotated sequence database. * We detected 47 AMF taxa in the roots of 10 plant species in a 10 x 10 m plot, which is almost the same as the number of plant species in the whole studied forest. There was a significant difference between AMF communities in the roots of forest specialist plant species and in the roots of habitat generalist plant species. Forest plant species hosted 22 specialist AMF taxa, and the generalist plants shared all but one AMF taxon with forest plants, including globally distributed generalist fungi. These AMF taxa that have been globally recorded only in forest ecosystems were significantly over-represented in the roots of forest plant species. * Our findings suggest that partner specificity in AM symbiosis may occur at the level of ecological groups, rather than at the species level, of both plant and fungal partners.
Description Country affiliation: Estonia
Author Affiliation: Opik M ( Department of Botany, Institute of Ecology and Earth Sciences, University of Tartu, 51005 Tartu, Estonia.)
ISSN 0028646X
Educational Role Student ♦ Teacher
Age Range above 22 year
Educational Use Reading ♦ Research ♦ Self Learning
Interactivity Type Expositive
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2009-10-01
Publisher Place Great Britain (UK)
e-ISSN 14698137
Journal New Phytologist
Volume Number 184
Issue Number 2

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Source: WHO-Global Index Medicus