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Author Nlend, Anne Esther Njom ♦ Ekani, Bernadette Bagfegue
Source World Health Organization (WHO)-Global Index Medicus
Content type Text
Publisher African Field Epidemiology Network
File Format HTM / HTML
Language English
Difficulty Level Medium
Subject Domain (in DDC) Philosophy & psychology ♦ Psychology ♦ Social sciences ♦ Social problems & services; associations ♦ Social welfare problems & services ♦ Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Life sciences; biology ♦ Physiology & related subjects ♦ Natural history of organisms ♦ Microorganisms, fungi & algae ♦ Technology ♦ Medicine & health ♦ Human physiology ♦ Personal health & safety ♦ Incidence & prevention of disease ♦ Pharmacology and therapeutics ♦ Diseases ♦ Manufacture for specific uses ♦ Precision instruments & other devices
Subject Domain (in MeSH) Eukaryota ♦ Viruses ♦ Organisms ♦ Bacterial Infections and Mycoses ♦ Virus Diseases ♦ Diseases ♦ Therapeutics ♦ Investigative Techniques ♦ Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment ♦ Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms ♦ Psychological Phenomena and Processes ♦ Psychiatry and Psychology ♦ Physiological Phenomena ♦ Reproductive and Urinary Physiological Phenomena ♦ Biological Sciences ♦ Persons ♦ Persons ♦ Health Care Facilities, Manpower, and Services ♦ Environment and Public Health ♦ Health Care ♦ Geographic Locations ♦ Geographic Locations
Subject Keyword Discipline Medicine ♦ Counseling ♦ Feeding Methods ♦ Trends ♦ Hiv Infections ♦ Epidemiology ♦ Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice ♦ Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena ♦ Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical ♦ Statistics & Numerical Data ♦ Pregnancy Complications, Infectious ♦ Adult ♦ Breast Feeding ♦ Cameroon ♦ Choice Behavior ♦ Female ♦ Prevention & Control ♦ Transmission ♦ Hiv-1 ♦ Humans ♦ Infant Care ♦ Methods ♦ Infant, Newborn ♦ Pregnancy ♦ Retrospective Studies ♦ Journal Article ♦ Research Support, Non-u.s. Gov't
Abstract UNLABELLED: The objective is to describe the trends of infant feedings choices in HIV context after infant feeding counseling. Descriptive retrospective study: Infant feeding counseling (IFC) sessions were offered to HIV pregnant women by the same team of counselors from April 2008 to December 2012. Counseling content was promoting either exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) or exclusive formula feeding (EFF) prior to 2010. Later on, versus EBF+ antiretroviral (ARV) drug given either to the mother or the infant or EFF was the gold standard. Mixed feeding was prohibited. Infants feeding were practices recorded at the first post natal visit. MAIN MEASUREMENT: rate of EBF/ EFF per year and period. We included a total of 1114 live-born babies. During the five year the overall rate of EBF and EFF stood at 41% and 59% respectively. The rate of EBF/EFF was recorded as follow: varies from 25/75% in year one to 52/48% in year five(p ≤ 0.001). The rate of mixed was virtually cancelled during the same period, 3/237 (1.2%) in year one to period 1/165 (0.6%) in the latest period. In conclusion, in Yaoundé, there is a slight increase in breastfeeding rate among HIV exposed infants during the first two months of life. Further investigations are required to confirm this tendency and analyze the new features of breastfeeding practices.
Spatial Coverage Cameroon
Description Author Affiliation: Nlend AE ( National Social Insurance Fund Hospital, Department of Pediatrics ); Ekani BB ( Association Camerounaise d'Aide aux Personnes et Familles Affectées par le VIH/SIDA.)
Educational Role Student ♦ Teacher
Age Range above 22 year
Educational Use Reading ♦ Research ♦ Self Learning
Interactivity Type Expositive
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2014-01-01
Publisher Place Uganda
e-ISSN 19378688
Journal Pan African Medical Journal
Volume Number 17


Source: WHO-Global Index Medicus