|Author||Trilla, Guillem ♦ Trilla, Antoni ♦ Daer, Carolyn|
|Source||World Health Organization (WHO)-Global Index Medicus|
|Publisher||Oxford University Press|
|File Format||HTM / HTML|
|Subject Domain (in DDC)||Social sciences ♦ Social problems & services; associations ♦ Social welfare problems & services ♦ Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Life sciences; biology ♦ Natural history of organisms ♦ Microorganisms, fungi & algae ♦ Technology ♦ Medicine & health ♦ Personal health & safety ♦ Diseases|
|Subject Domain (in MeSH)||Eukaryota ♦ Viruses ♦ Organisms ♦ Virus Diseases ♦ Diseases ♦ Humanities ♦ Humanities ♦ Environment and Public Health ♦ Health Care ♦ Geographic Locations ♦ Geographic Locations|
|Subject Keyword||Disease Outbreaks ♦ History ♦ Influenza, Human ♦ Epidemiology ♦ History, 20th Century ♦ Humans ♦ Influenza A Virus, H1n1 Subtype ♦ Isolation & Purification ♦ Spain ♦ Historical Article ♦ Journal Article ♦ Review ♦ Discipline Infectious Diseases|
|Abstract||The 1918-1919 influenza pandemic was the most devastating epidemic in modern history. Here, we review epidemiological and historical data about the 1918-1919 influenza epidemic in Spain. On 22 May 1918, the epidemic was a headline in Madrid's ABC newspaper. The infectious disease most likely reached Spain from France, perhaps as the result of the heavy railroad traffic of Spanish and Portuguese migrant workers to and from France. The total numbers of persons who died of influenza in Spain were officially estimated to be 147,114 in 1918, 21,235 in 1919, and 17,825 in 1920. However, it is likely that >260,000 Spaniards died of influenza; 75% of these persons died during the second period of the epidemic, and 45% died during October 1918 alone. The Spanish population growth index was negative for 1918 (net loss, 83,121 persons). Although a great deal of evidence indicates that the 1918 A(H1N1) influenza virus unlikely originated in and spread from Spain, the 1918-1919 influenza pandemic will always be known as the Spanish flu.|
|Description||Country affiliation: Spain
Author Affiliation: Trilla A ( Hospital Clinic, Institut d'Investigacions Biomediques August Pi I Sunyer, University of Barcelona and Centre de Recerca en Salut Internacional de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain. email@example.com)
|Educational Role||Student ♦ Teacher|
|Age Range||above 22 year|
|Educational Use||Reading ♦ Research ♦ Self Learning|
|Education Level||UG and PG|
|Learning Resource Type||Article|
|Publisher Place||United States|
|Journal||Clinical Infectious Diseases|
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