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Author Zhong, H. ♦ Tan, Y. ♦ Liu, Y. Q. ♦ Xie, H. Q. ♦ Gao, Z.
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ♦ PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY ♦ ALGORITHMS ♦ ANTENNAS ♦ BEAMS ♦ CROSS SECTIONS ♦ FLUCTUATIONS ♦ INTERFEROMETERS ♦ LENSES ♦ MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMICS ♦ MICROWAVE RADIATION ♦ MIRRORS ♦ PARTICLE TRACKS ♦ PHASE STABILITY ♦ PLASMA DENSITY ♦ SIGNALS ♦ SIGNAL-TO-NOISE RATIO ♦ SPHERICAL CONFIGURATION ♦ SUNIST SPHEROMAK ♦ VELOCITY ♦ WINDOWS
Abstract A single-channel 3 mm interferometer has been developed for plasma density diagnostics in the Sino-UNIted Spherical Tokamak (SUNIST). The extremely compact microwave interferometer utilizes one corrugated feed horn antenna for both emitting and receiving the microwave. The beam path lies on the equatorial plane so the system would not suffer from beam path deflection problems due to the symmetry of the cross section. A focusing lens group and an oblique vacuum window are carefully designed to boost the signal to noise ratio, which allows this system to show good performance even with the small-diameter central column itself as a reflector, without a concave mirror. The whole system discards the reference leg for maximum compactness, which is particularly suitable for the small-sized tokamak. An auto-correcting algorithm is developed to calculate the phase evolution, and the result displays good phase stability of the whole system. The intermediate frequency is adjustable and can reach its full potential of 2 MHz for best temporal resolution. Multiple measurements during ohmic discharges proved the interferometer’s capability to track typical density fluctuations in SUNIST, which enables this system to be utilized in the study of MHD activities.
ISSN 00346748
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2016-11-15
Publisher Place United States
Journal Review of Scientific Instruments
Volume Number 87
Issue Number 11


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