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Author Oliva-Pascual-Vaca, Jesús ♦ Oliva-Pascual-Vaca, Ángel ♦ Rodríguez-Blanco, Cleofás ♦ Kiper, Pawel ♦ Luque-Moreno, Carlos ♦ Heredia-Rizo, Alberto Marcos ♦ Ferragut-Garcías, Alejandro
Source Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
Content type Text
Publisher Hindawi Limited
File Format HTM / HTML
Date Created 2015-10-26
Copyright Year ©2015
Language English
Subject Domain (in LCC) R
Subject Keyword Medicine
Abstract Objective. To develop a systematic review of the literature, to describe the different virtual reality (VR) interventions and interactive videogames applied to the lower extremity (LE) of stroke patients, and to analyse the results according to the most frequently used outcome measures. Material and Methods. An electronic search of randomized trials between January 2004 and January 2014 in different databases (Medline, Cinahl, Web of Science, PEDro, and Cochrane) was carried out. Several terms (virtual reality, feedback, stroke, hemiplegia, brain injury, cerebrovascular accident, lower limb, leg, and gait) were combined, and finally 11 articles were included according to the established inclusion and exclusion criteria. Results. The reviewed trials showed a high heterogeneity in terms of study design and assessment tools, which makes it difficult to compare and analyze the different types of interventions. However, most of them found a significant improvement on gait speed, balance and motor function, due to VR intervention. Conclusions. Although evidence is limited, it suggests that VR intervention (more than 10 sessions) in stroke patients may have a positive impact on balance, and gait recovery. Better results were obtained when a multimodal approach, combining VR and conventional physiotherapy, was used. Flexible software seems to adapt better to patients’ requirements, allowing more specific and individual treatments.
ISSN 23146133
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG ♦ Career/Technical Study
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2015-01-01
e-ISSN 23146133
Journal BioMed Research International
Volume Number 2015


Source: Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)