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Author Andleeb, Saadia ♦ Raza, Taskeen ♦ Mehmood, Khalid ♦ Ullah, Sidra Rahmat ♦ Jamal, Muhsin
Source Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
Content type Text
Publisher Hindawi Limited
File Format HTM / HTML
Date Created 2017-10-10
Copyright Year ©2017
Language English
Subject Domain (in LCC) R
Subject Keyword Medicine
Abstract Nosocomial infections caused by vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus have become a major problem. Bacteriophage therapy is proposed as a potential alternative therapy. Bacteriophages are viruses that infect bacteria and are ubiquitous in nature. Lytic bacteriophage was isolated from sewage water that infects VREF, the causative agent of endocarditis, bacteraemia, and urinary tract infections (UTIs). The phage produced clear plaques with unique clear morphology and well-defined boundaries. TEM results of phage revealed it to be 108±0.2 nm long and 90±0.5 nm wide. The characterization of bacteriophage revealed that infection process of phage was calcium and magnesium dependent and phage titers were highest under optimum conditions for VREF, with an optimal temperature range of 37–50°C. The maximum growth was observed at 37°C, hence having 100% viability. The latent period for phage was small with a burst size of 512 viral particles per bacterial cell. The phage was tested against various clinical strains and results proved it to be host specific. It can be used as a potential therapeutic agent for VREF infections. The phage efficiently eradicated VREF inoculated in cattle compost, poultry compost, and a soil sample which makes it a potential agent for clearing compost and soil sample.
ISSN 23146133
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG ♦ Career/Technical Study
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2017-01-01
e-ISSN 23146133
Journal BioMed Research International
Volume Number 2017

Source: Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)