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Author Villa, Luisa Lina ♦ Tedesco, Antonio Claudio ♦ Calmon, Marilia Freitas ♦ Matos, Renata Prandini Adum De ♦ Rahal, Paula ♦ Amantino, Camila Fernanda ♦ Primo, Fernando Lucas
Source Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
Content type Text
Publisher Hindawi Limited
File Format HTM / HTML
Date Created 2018-02-08
Copyright Year ©2018
Language English
Subject Domain (in LCC) R
Subject Keyword Medicine
Abstract Cervical cancer is the fourth cause of cancer death in women. Curcumin has antineoplastic properties. Furthermore, curcumin may be used as a photosensitizing agent in Photodynamic Therapy. This study aimed to investigate the effects of Photodynamic Therapy in cellular viability using curcumin-nanoemulsion as a photosensitizing drug in cervical carcinoma cell lines. The empty nanoemulsion presented very low cytotoxicity in all cell lines analyzed. Additionally, the incubation with curcumin-nanoemulsion at 20 μM of curcumin showed more than 80% of cell viability for cell lines. Nanoemulsions were shown to be internalized inside cells by fluorescence microscopy and were observed in the intracellular environment for up to 36 hours after incubation with cell lines. In addition, after the Photodynamic Therapy we observed a high phototoxic effect of the curcumin-nanoemulsion with less than 5% of viable cells after irradiation. This was accompanied by an increase in caspase-3/caspase-7 activities after cell treatment with curcumin-nanoemulsion and Photodynamic Therapy, suggesting cell death by apoptosis. We conclude that the curcumin-nanoemulsion formulation behaves as a photosensitizing drug in Photodynamic Therapy and shows potential as an alternative treatment to cervical lesions using an endoscopic diode fiber laser setup for in situ activation or cavity activation using a diffuse fiber delivery system.
ISSN 23146133
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG ♦ Career/Technical Study
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2018-01-01
e-ISSN 23146133
Journal BioMed Research International
Volume Number 2018

Source: Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)