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Author Courchesne, F. ♦ Hendershot, W. H.
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES ♦ ALUMINIUM SULFATES ♦ SOIL CHEMISTRY ♦ SOILS ♦ ACIDIFICATION ♦ SULFATES ♦ RETENTION ♦ PH VALUE ♦ SOLUBILITY ♦ THERMODYNAMICS ♦ ALUMINIUM COMPOUNDS ♦ CHEMISTRY ♦ OXYGEN COMPOUNDS ♦ SULFUR COMPOUNDS ♦ Environment, Terrestrial- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport- (1990-)
Abstract The authors collected soil solutions during the spring snowmelt at two depths using tension-free lysimeters in two Humic Cryorthods located in forested catchments. They also extracted soil solutions by centrifugation from the B and the C horizons of these soils. Although most data points cluster around the solubility line of natural gibbsite, the relationship between Al{sup 3+} activity and solution pH showed a marked departure from Al(OH){sub 3} solubility with a slope of {minus}1.91. Moreover, at pH values below 4.6, solutions were slightly undersaturated with respect to natural gibbsite. Results from thermodynamic calculations suggested that the Hermine B, and probably the Coniferous B, horizons have attained chemical conditions sufficient to enter the stability field of a basic aluminum sulfate mineral formed in the presence of Al(OH){sub 3}. Mineral stability relationships indicated that the solid phase of concern could be alunite (pK{sub s} = 85.4) and that the apparent saturation status of the soil solutions with respect to alunite increased with increasing reaction time. However, physical evidence for the presence of alunite in these horizons is still lacking. Solutions from the C horizons were all clearly undersaturated with respect to any Al{sub x}(OH){sub y}(SO{sub 4}){sub z} mineral. While the possible formation of alunite could be affecting sulfate retention in these acid soils, the results do not exclude the pH-dependent sulfate adsorption mechanism proposed by a number of investigators.
ISSN 0038075X
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 1990-09-01
Publisher Place United States
Journal Soil Science
Volume Number 150
Issue Number 3


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