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Author Koutecky, J. ♦ Tomasek, M.
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword PHYSICS ♦ ATOMS ♦ BINDING ENERGY ♦ CARBON ♦ CRYSTALS ♦ DENSITY ♦ DIAMONDS ♦ GRAPHITE ♦ SURFACES
Abstract ABS>The surface states of diamond and two-dimensional graphite were investigated on the assumption that the delimitution of the crystal causes no perturbation within the elementary cells of the finite crystal. In both cases a plane perpendicular to the bond between a selected pair of carbon atoms was taken as the delimiting plane. The molecular orbitals were assumed in the form of a linear combination of sp/sup 3/ or sp/sup 2/ hybrids. In the case of graphite, molecular orbitals that are linear combinations of 2p/sub z/ orbitals, whose interaction with sp/sup 2/ hybrids is neglected, are further considered. It appeared that in the case of diamond there exists a band of energies pertaining to Shockley surface states in the gap between the valence and conductivity bands. The number of atoms in this band equals the number of atoms in the surface. From a discussion of the pertinent wave functions. It follows that these states are an expression of unsaturated bonds of the surface carbon atoms. The electron density on the hybrids projecting from the surface is essentially greater than the density on the other hybrids of the surface atoms. Further bands of surface states exist in the region of energies allowed for the volume valence and the conductivity states. In graphite, a quite analogous behavior was shown by those surface states whose wave functions are linear combinations of sp/sup 2/ orbitals. Surface states whose wave functions are linear combinations of p/sub z/ orbitals are a manifestation of unsaturated double bonds of surface atoms having only two neighbors. The analogy between these Shockley states and the nonbonding states of odd alternant aromatic hydrocarbons is pointed out. (auth)
ISSN 0031899X
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 1960-11-15
Publisher Department Inst. of Physical Chemistry, Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, Prague
Journal Physical Review
Volume Number 120
Organization Inst. of Physical Chemistry, Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, Prague


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