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Author Soederlind, P. ♦ Moriarty, J. A. ♦ Wills, J. M.
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword MATERIALS SCIENCE ♦ IRON ♦ CRYSTAL-PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS ♦ PRESSURE DEPENDENCE ♦ ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE ♦ VIBRATIONAL STATES ♦ MUFFIN-TIN POTENTIAL ♦ ELASTICITY ♦ PHASE STABILITY ♦ BRILLOUIN ZONES ♦ GROUND STATES ♦ BCC LATTICES ♦ MAGNETIC PROPERTIES ♦ DENSITY FUNCTIONAL METHOD
Abstract {ital Ab} {ital initio} electronic-structure calculations, based on density-functional theory and a full-potential linear-muffin-tin-orbital method, have been used to predict crystal-structure phase stabilities, elastic constants, and Brillouin-zone-boundary phonons for iron under compression. Total energies for five crystal structures, bcc, fcc, bct, hcp, and dhcp, have been calculated over a wide volume range. In agreement with experiment and previous theoretical calculations, a magnetic bcc ground state is obtained at ambient pressure and a nonmagnetic hcp ground state is found at high pressure, with a predicted bcc {r_arrow} hcp phase transition at about 10 GPa. Also in agreement with very recent diamond-anvil-cell experiments, a metastable dhcp phase is found at high pressure, which remains magnetic and consequently accessible at high temperature up to about 50 GPa. In addition, the bcc structure becomes mechanically unstable at pressures above 2 Mbar (200 GPa) and a metastable, but still magnetic, bct phase ({ital c}/{ital a} {approx_equal} 0.875) develops. For high-pressure nonmagnetic iron, fcc and hcp elastic constants and fcc phonon frequencies have been calculated to above 4 Mbar. These quantities rise smoothly with pressure, but an increasing tendency towards elastic anisotropy as a function of compression is observed, and this has important implications for the solid inner-core of the earth. The fcc elastic-constant and phonon data have also been used in combination with generalized pseudopotential theory to develop many-body interatomic potentials, from which high-temperature thermodynamic properties and melting can be obtained. In this paper, these potentials have been used to calculate full fcc and hcp phonon spectra and corresponding Debye temperatures as a function of compression. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}
ISSN 01631829
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 1996-06-01
Publisher Department Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publisher Place United States
Journal Physical Review, B: Condensed Matter
Volume Number 53
Issue Number 21
Organization Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)


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